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Polo-like kinase-1 (Plk1) has a pivotal role in cell proliferation and is considered a potential target for anticancer therapy. The noncatalytic polo-box domain (PBD) of Plk1 forms a phosphoepitope binding module for protein-protein interaction. Here, we report the identification of minimal phosphopeptides that specifically interact with the PBD of human(More)
Curcumin, a natural compound, is a well-known chemopreventive agent with potent anticarcinogenic activity in a wide variety of tumor cells. Curcumin inhibits cancer cell proliferation in part by suppressing cyclin D1 and inducing expression of the cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor p21(Waf1/Cip1). Both p53-dependent and p53-independent mechanisms regulate(More)
Most flavonoids found in plants exist as glycosides, and glycosylation status has a wide range of effects on flavonoid solubility, stability, and bioavailability. Glycosylation of flavonoids is mediated by Family 1 glycosyltransferases (UGTs), which use UDP-sugars, such as UDP-glucose, as the glycosyl donor. AtGT-2, a UGT from Arabidopsis thaliana, was(More)
The separation and isolation of an extract of Bupleurum falcatum were performed based on antiallergic activities in preliminary studies with higher plants. The final active compound was identified as saikosaponin-A (SSA), a triterpenoid glycoside. SSA at more than 1 mg/kg (i.v.) significantly inhibited the passive cutaneous anaphylaxis reaction in rats in a(More)
2-Chloro-10-[3(-dimethylamino)propyl]phenothiazine mono hydrochloride (chlorpromazine; CPZ) is an antipsychotic agent that was originally developed to control psychotic disorders. The cytotoxic properties of the CPZ are well known, but its mechanism of action is poorly understood. In this study, we investigated the role of apoptosis and autophagy in(More)
Cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor (CDKN1A), often referred to as p21(Waf1/Cip1) (p21), is induced by a variety of environmental stresses. Transcription factor ELK-1 is a member of the ETS oncogene superfamily. Here, we show that ELK-1 directly trans-activates the p21 gene, independently of p53 and EGR-1, in sodium arsenite (NaASO(2))-exposed HaCaT cells.(More)
Curcumin, a constituent of turmeric, has anti-inflammatory, anti-carcinogenic, and chemopreventive effects in several animal tumor models. The expression of P-glycoprotein (P-gp), encoded by the mdr gene, is often associated with multidrug resistance (MDR) to unrelated chemotherapeutic drugs in cancer cells. Here, we demonstrate that curcumin down-regulates(More)
Most flavonoids exist as sugar conjugates. Naturally occurring flavonoid sugar conjugates include glucose, galactose, glucuronide, rhamnose, xylose, and arabinose. These flavonoid glycosides have diverse physiological activities, depending on the type of sugar attached. To synthesize an unnatural flavonoid glycoside, Actinobacillus actinomycetemcomitans(More)