Yoon-bok Lee

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Abnormal corticosteroid hormone levels during stress and resultant mineralocorticoid receptor (MR)/glucocorticoid receptor (GR) imbalance enhance the vulnerability of specific hippocampal neurons. In the present study, we investigated the distribution of MR and GR in seizure resistant (SR) and seizure sensitive (SS) gerbils, and observed the seizure-induced(More)
We investigated spatial and temporal alterations of calbindin D-28k (CB) immunoreactivity in the gerbil main olfactory bulb after transient ischemia-reperfusion. In sham-operated animals, CB-immunoreactive (IR) neurons were found in the periglomerular layer, external plexiform layer and granule cell layer. At 1-4 days after ischemic insult, the number of(More)
Objective. Since oligodendrocyte progenitor cells (OPCs) are the target cells of neonatal hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy (HIE), the present study was aimed at investigating the protective effects of N-acetyl-l-cysteine (NAC), a well-known antioxidant and precursor of glutathione, in OPCs as well as in neonatal rats. Methods. In in vitro study, protective(More)
To investigate the protective activity of soy isoflavones on neurons, the effects of isoflavones on cholinergic enzyme activity, immunoreactivities of cholinergic enzyme, and delayed matching-to-place (DMP) performance were measured in normal elderly rats. Male Sprague-Dawley rats (n = 48; 10 mo old) were assigned to 3 groups: CD (control diet), ISO 0.3(More)
The anti-inflammatory effects of fuciodan and Cistanche tubulosa (CT) extract were investigated in vitro macrophage culture system and in vivo carrageenan-induced air pouch inflammation model. CT extract inhibited nitric oxide production from activated RAW 264.7 macrophage cells, while fucoidan was inactive. In vivo air pouch inflammation model,(More)
Arginine vasopressin (AVP) is a neuropeptide with vasoconstrictive, antidiuretic, cardiovascular regulative and hepatic glycogenolysis effects, that also affects other behaviors including modulating learning. A number of studies on AVP regulation have been conducted in various metabolic diseases (disorders). In this study, the immunoreactivities of AVP in(More)
Anti-inflammatory effects of Houttuynia cordata supercritical extract (HSE) were investigated in rat carrageenan-air pouch model. Oral administration of HSE (50-200 mg/kg) suppressed carrageenan-induced exudation and albumin leakage, as well as inflammatory cell infiltration at a high dose (200 mg/kg). Intraperitoneal injection of dexamethasone (2 mg/kg)(More)
In this study, we examined changes in the level and immunoreactivity of alpha-synuclein in the hippocampal CA1 region of adult (6 months old) and aged (24 months old) gerbils after 5 min of transient forebrain ischemia. The delayed neuronal death of CA1 pyramidal cells in adult gerbils was severer than that in aged gerbils 4 days after ischemia/reperfusion.(More)
BACKGROUND Fermentable oligosaccharides, disaccharides, monosaccharides, and polyols (FODMAPs) are poorly absorbed, short-chain carbohydrates that play an important role in inducing functional gut symptoms. A low-FODMAP diet improves abdominal symptoms in patients with inflammatory bowel disease and irritable bowel syndrome. However, there were no study for(More)
Parvalbumin (PV) is found in the olfactory system, including the main olfactory bulb, and is thought to be one of the neuroactive substances in olfaction. Changes in PV immunoreactivity in the olfactory system during aging have not been examined. We investigated such changes in the main olfactory bulb (MOB) of the rat at postnatal month 1 (PM 1), PM 3, PM(More)