Yoon Sik Chang

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Glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) is a gut incretin hormone and is a new clinically available class of agents for improving of insulin resistance in both animals and humans with type 2 diabetes. These studies aimed to determine whether long-term treatment with a long-acting GLP-1 analog, exendin-4, delayed the progression of diabetes. Male db/db mice and db/m(More)
Improving the ability of the kidney to tolerate ischemic injury has important implications. We investigated the effect of recombinant human erythropoietin (rHuEPO) treatment on subsequent ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury and evaluated the role of heat shock protein (HSP) 70 in rHuEPO-induced renal protection. rHuEPO (3000 U/kg) was administered 24 h before(More)
BACKGROUND Sudden cardiac death is common in patients on hemodialysis (HD), and its rate is as high as 25% of all cardiac deaths associated with left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) and secondary hyperparathyroidism. A prolonged QT interval on standard electrocardiography is related to an increase in sudden death in various patient groups. It is also well(More)
BACKGROUND Nitric oxide (NO) is related to the pathogenesis of renal hemodynamics in diabetes mellitus. Endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) gene polymorphism is considered the deterioration factor for progressive renal disease. It has been reported that an interaction of angiotensin II (Ang II) and NO is involved in the control of glomerular(More)
Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor (PPAR)-α, a lipid-sensing transcriptional factor, serves an important role in lipotoxicity. We evaluated whether fenofibrate has a renoprotective effect by ameliorating lipotoxicity in the kidney. Eight-week-old male C57BLKS/J db/m control and db/db mice, divided into four groups, received fenofibrate for 12 weeks.(More)
BACKGROUND Increased intima-media thickness (IMT) of the radial artery is associated with early failure of radiocephalic arteriovenous fistula (AVF) in haemodialysis patients. Therefore, non-invasive measurements of radial artery IMT before AVF operations are very important in predicting AVF patency. This study was designed to evaluate the accuracy of(More)
The objective of this study was to evaluate the associations of blood lead and cadmium levels with estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) and proteinuria in Korean adults. This was a cross-sectional study based on the Korea Nation Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES) to analyze the association of blood lead and cadmium levels with renal(More)
CASE PRESENTATION A 64-year-old man was referred to our hospital because of acute renal failure of unknown etiology; he had a 2-week history of intermittent fever, chills, easy fatigue, cough, and exertional dyspnea. In addition, he reported generalized edema and a weight gain of 6 kg over 1 month. The past medical history was remarkable for pulmonary(More)
BACKGROUND Although percutaneous renal biopsy remains an essential tool in the diagnosis and treatment of renal diseases, in recent times the traditional procedure of nephrologists has been performed by non-nephrologists rather than nephrologists at many institutions. The present study assessed the safety and adequacy of tissue yield during percutaneous(More)