Yoon-Seok Chang

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Recent investigations suggest genetic susceptibility of allopurinol-induced severe cutaneous adverse reactions (SCARs). However, the strength of association was variable according to phenotypes and ethnic backgrounds. To explore genetic markers for allopurinol-induced SCARs in Koreans, we genotyped human leukocyte antigen (HLA) class I alleles of 25 cases(More)
BACKGROUND Although the US FDA recommends screening for HLA-B*1502 allele in most of Asian ancestry before initiating carbamazepine therapy, the HLA associations with carbamazepine hypersensitivity in non-Chinese Asian populations remain unclear. This study investigated the association between the HLA class I genotype and carbamazepine-induced severe(More)
Eosinophilic myocarditis is a condition resulting from various eosinophilic diseases, including helminth infection, drug hypersensitivity, systemic vasculitis or idiopathic hypereosinophilic syndromes. Clinical manifestations of eosinophilic myocarditis may vary from early necrosis to endomyocardial fibrosis. Eosinophilic myocarditis is one of the most(More)
BACKGROUND Radio-contrast media (CM)-related adverse reactions are important clinical problems that may cause fatal anaphylaxis. Accordingly, it has been common practice to premedicate patients who have had previous reactions to CM with corticosteroids, antihistamines, and H2 blockers to prevent hypersensitive reactions. However, the effectiveness of(More)
Asthma is a heterogeneous airway disease with various clinical phenotypes. It is crucial to clearly identify clinical phenotypes to achieve better asthma management. We used cluster analysis to classify the clinical groups of 724 asthmatic patients from the Cohort for Reality and Evolution of Adult Asthma in Korea (COREA), and in 1843 subjects from another(More)
Asia is the world's most dynamic area. Asthma is a major chronic disease in Asia, like other continents. However, unlike childhood asthma, the epidemiological burden of asthma in Asian adults has been unclear. Here we reviewed the currently available literatures on the epidemiology of adult asthma in the Asian community populations. Adult asthma prevalence(More)
OBJECTIVE The prevalence of asthma is increasing, and asthma causes considerable socioeconomic burden worldwide. Few studies have been conducted to evaluate the risk factors associated with economic cost of asthma in Korea. This study evaluated asthma cost according to severity, control, and patient factors in Korean tertiary hospitals. METHODS Direct and(More)
BACKGROUND Some radiocontrast media (RCM) hypersensitivity reactions may have underlying IgE- or T-cell-mediated mechanisms. RCM skin testing may be useful for predicting future reactions. OBJECTIVE To investigate the clinical value of RCM skin testing before computed tomography and after RCM hypersensitivity reactions. METHODS Patients who underwent(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate the efficacy of a u-healthcare service using Zigbee and mobile phone for elderly patients with diabetes mellitus or heart diseases. MATERIALS AND METHODS From July to October, 2005, 29 patients were enrolled in our study. Two selected u-healthcare items, ECG and blood glucose measurement, were monitored. Twenty patients were(More)
BACKGROUND Although allopurinol is a very effective urate-lowering drug for complicated hyperuricemia, in some patients, it can induce severe cutaneous adverse reactions (SCARs). Recent investigations suggest that HLA-B*5801 is a very strong marker for allopurinol-induced SCARs, especially in the population with a high frequency of HLA-B*5801. Korea is one(More)