Yoon Ki Hong

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Parkin is the most prevalent genetic factor in the onset of autosomal recessive juvenile parkinsonism (AR-JP), and mutations in parkin has been reported to cause motor defects, which result from dopamine deficiency caused by dopaminergic neuronal cell death. Activation of c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK) has also been implicated in neuronal cell death in(More)
Amyloid-β-42 (Aβ42) has been implicated in the pathogenesis of Alzheimer's disease (AD). Neuronal Aβ42 expression induces apoptosis and decreases survival and locomotive activity in Drosophila. However, the mechanism by which Aβ42 induces these neuronal impairments is unclear. In this study, we investigated the underlying pathway in theses impairments. JNK(More)
DJ-1, a Parkinson's disease (PD)-associated gene, has been shown to protect against oxidative stress in Drosophila. However, the molecular mechanism underlying oxidative stress-induced phenotypes, including apoptosis, locomotive defects, and lethality, in DJ-1-deficient flies is not fully understood. Here we showed that Daxx-like protein (DLP), a Drosophila(More)
Expression of the Down syndrome critical region 1 (DSCR1) protein, an inhibitor of the Ca(2+)-dependent phosphatase calcineurin, is elevated in the brains of individuals with Down syndrome (DS) or Alzheimer's disease (AD). Although increased levels of DSCR1 were often observed to be deleterious to neuronal health, its beneficial effects against AD(More)
The Down syndrome critical region 1 (DSCR1), a Down syndrome-associated protein, is an endogenous inhibitor of the Ca2+-dependent phosphatase calcineurin. It has been also suggested to be associated with Alzheimer’s disease (AD) but the role of DSCR1 in the pathogenesis of AD still remains controversial. In this paper, we investigated the effects of(More)
Proteins in the forkhead box O (FOXO) family contain three Akt phosphorylation sites that are important for export of the protein from the nucleus to the cytosol. In mammalian FOXO1, phosphorylation of serine 256 (S256) is a prerequisite for the phosphorylation of the other two sites. Although Drosophila FOXO (dFOXO) contains three well-conserved Akt(More)
Hempseed, a rich source of polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) and phytosterols, has been recognized as a potential therapeutic food used for cardioprotection, preventing platelet aggregation, and improving atopic dermatitis. Although several studies have revealed the physiological benefits of hempseed on a variety of animals, the effects of dietary(More)
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