Yoon K. Hong

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Parkin is the most prevalent genetic factor in the onset of autosomal recessive juvenile parkinsonism (AR-JP), and mutations in parkin has been reported to cause motor defects, which result from dopamine deficiency caused by dopaminergic neuronal cell death. Activation of c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK) has also been implicated in neuronal cell death in(More)
DJ-1, a Parkinson's disease (PD)-associated gene, has been shown to protect against oxidative stress in Drosophila. However, the molecular mechanism underlying oxidative stress-induced phenotypes, including apoptosis, locomotive defects, and lethality, in DJ-1-deficient flies is not fully understood. Here we showed that Daxx-like protein (DLP), a Drosophila(More)
Amyloid-β-42 (Aβ42) has been implicated in the pathogenesis of Alzheimer's disease (AD). Neuronal Aβ42 expression induces apoptosis and decreases survival and locomotive activity in Drosophila. However, the mechanism by which Aβ42 induces these neuronal impairments is unclear. In this study, we investigated the underlying pathway in theses impairments. JNK(More)
Expression of the Down syndrome critical region 1 (DSCR1) protein, an inhibitor of the Ca(2+)-dependent phosphatase calcineurin, is elevated in the brains of individuals with Down syndrome (DS) or Alzheimer's disease (AD). Although increased levels of DSCR1 were often observed to be deleterious to neuronal health, its beneficial effects against AD(More)
Collision awareness (CA) multiple access networks include the carrier sense multiple access (CSMA), ALOHA, and Ethernet networks. In order to maximize throughput with minimum network delay, these networks employ control parameters such as persistence and backoff. Based upon previous analytic results , the authors derived an asymptotic closed form solution(More)
The Down syndrome critical region 1 (DSCR1), a Down syndrome-associated protein, is an endogenous inhibitor of the Ca2+-dependent phosphatase calcineurin. It has been also suggested to be associated with Alzheimer’s disease (AD) but the role of DSCR1 in the pathogenesis of AD still remains controversial. In this paper, we investigated the effects of(More)
PURPOSE Roflumilast is the only oral phosphodiesterase 4 inhibitor approved to treat chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) patients [post-bronchodilator forced expiratory volume in 1 second (FEV₁) <50% predicted] with chronic bronchitis and a history of frequent exacerbations. This study evaluated the efficacy and safety of roflumilast in Korean(More)
Proteins in the forkhead box O (FOXO) family contain three Akt phosphorylation sites that are important for export of the protein from the nucleus to the cytosol. In mammalian FOXO1, phosphorylation of serine 256 (S256) is a prerequisite for the phosphorylation of the other two sites. Although Drosophila FOXO (dFOXO) contains three well-conserved Akt(More)