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Thermococcus onnurineus NA1, a sulfur-reducing hyperthermophilic archaeon, is capable of H(2)-producing growth, considered to be hydrogenogenic carboxydotrophy. Utilization of formate as a sole energy source has been well studied in T. onnurineus NA1. However, whether formate can be used as its carbon source remains unknown. To obtain a global view of the… (More)
Ultraviolet (UV) radiation can cause stresses or act as a photoregulatory signal depending on its wavelengths and fluence rates. Although the most harmful effects of UV on living cells are generally attributed to UV-B radiation, UV-A radiation can also affect many aspects of cellular processes. In cyanobacteria, most studies have concentrated on the… (More)
The unicellular cyanobacterium Synechocystis sp. PCC 6803 (Syn6803) exhibits photomovement through gliding motility. For a better understanding of photomovement in Syn6803, we examined the effects of Ca2+ on photoorientation and motility using a computer-assisted videomicroscope motion analysis system. When calcium ion was chelated from the basic motility… (More)
Sphingopyxis sp. strain MWB1, which is capable of degrading crude oil, diesel, and kerosene, was isolated from crude oil-contaminated seashore in Tae-an, South Korea. Here, we report the draft genome sequence of this strain, which comprises 3,118,428 bp with a G+C content of 62.85 mol%.
We analyzed the effects of inactivating the pteridine glycosyltransferase gene (pgtA) on the photomovement of the cyanobacterium Synechocystis sp. PCC 6803 under different light conditions. The pgtA mutant displayed abnormal photomovement under UV-A/blue light. In particular, the pgtA mutant showed a negative phototactic response under UV-A (315-400 nm),… (More)
We investigated the wavelength dependence and photon-fluence rate response relationship for phototaxis of wild-type and a cyanobacterial phytochrome 2 (cph2) mutant in cyanobacterium Synechocystis sp. PCC 6803. Compared to wild-type, the cph2 mutant exhibited maximal activity for positive phototaxis at the near-UV spectral range. Two cysteine to serine… (More)
Cyanobacteria sense and respond to changes in an ambient light environment using highly specialized photoreceptors coupled to signal transduction pathways. Synechocystis sp. PCC 6803 is currently used as a model system to study light signal transduction in cyanobacteria. Recently, several important players, including photoreceptors and other signaling… (More)
The hyperthermophilic archaeon Thermococcus onnurineus NA1 has been shown to produce H₂ when using CO, formate, or starch as a growth substrate. This strain can also utilize elemental sulfur as a terminal electron acceptor for heterotrophic growth. To gain insight into sulfur metabolism, the proteome of T. onnurineus NA1 cells grown under sulfur culture… (More)
We report here the draft genome sequence of Arthrobacter sp. MWB30 strain, isolated from a crude oil-contaminated seashore in Tae-an, South Korea, which is able to degrade the crude oil and its derivatives. The draft genome sequence of 4,647,008 bp provides a resource for the identification of crude oil-degrading mechanisms in strain MWB30.