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  • Christian E Rocheleau, William D Downs, Rueyling Lin, Claudia Wittmann, Yanxia Bei, Yoon-Hee Cha +3 others
  • 1997
In a 4-cell stage C. elegans embryo, signaling by the P2 blastomere induces anterior-posterior polarity in the adjacent EMS blastomere, leading to endoderm formation. We have taken genetic and reverse genetic approaches toward understanding the molecular basis for this induction. These studies have identified a set of genes with sequence similarity to genes(More)
CONCLUSIONS It is probably not wise to demand a temporal relationship between migraine symptoms and vertigo for the definition of migrainous vertigo. When recurrent vertigo attacks begin at an early age in a patient with normal hearing and migraine, there are few diagnoses other than migraine that need to be considered. OBJECTIVE The clinical association(More)
BACKGROUND Individuals with mal de debarquement syndrome (MdDS) experience a chronic illusion of self-motion triggered by prolonged exposure to passive motion, such as from sea or air travel. The experience is one of rocking dizziness similar to when the individual was originally on the motion trigger such as a boat or airplane. MdDS represents a prolonged(More)
OBJECTIVE Mal de debarquement syndrome (MdDS) is a chronic disorder of imbalance characterized by a feeling of rocking and swaying. The disorder starts after prolonged exposure to passive motion such as from a boat or plane. All medical treatment is palliative and symptoms that persist beyond 6 months show low likelihood of remission. This pilot study(More)
Mal de debarquement (MdD), the "sickness of disembarkment," occurs when habituation to background rhythmic movement becomes resistant to readaption to stable conditions and results in a phantom perception of self motion typically described as rocking, bobbing, or swaying. Although several studies have shown that brief periods of MdD are common in healthy(More)
The long-lasting neuromodulatory effects of repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) are of great interest for therapeutic applications in various neurological and psychiatric disorders, due to which functional connectivity among brain regions is profoundly disturbed. Classic TMS studies selectively alter neural activity in specific brain regions(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine whether the chronic rocking dizziness that occurs in Mal de Debarquement Syndrome (MdDS) can be suppressed with repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) beyond the treatment period. METHODS We performed a prospective randomized double-blind sham controlled crossover trial of 5-days of rTMS utilizing high frequency (10 Hz)(More)
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