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BACKGROUND Prophylaxis against contrast-induced acute kidney injury (AKI) in hospitalized patients is underused. We evaluated the impact of a computerized alert program for contrast-induced AKI for hospitalized patients undergoing contrast-enhanced computed tomography (CT). STUDY DESIGN Quality improvement report. SETTING & PARTICIPANTS 463 adult(More)
Colistimethate sodium (CMS) was recently re-introduced into clinical practice as a last resort for the treatment of nosocomial infections caused by multiresistant bacteria. This retrospective cohort study was designed to identify predictors of acute kidney injury (AKI) associated with intravenous (i.v.) CMS treatment. From March 2007 to July 2008, 71 adult(More)
Serum uric acid is associated with cardiovascular disease. However, the independent role of uric acid in the development of cardiovascular disease is uncertain. This study examined the cross-sectional association of serum uric acid level with microalbuminuria among 6771 subjects without diabetes or hypertension. Blood pressure was categorized as(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS Left ventricular (LV) hypertrophy is a powerful predictor of mortality in dialysis patients. Serial measurements of LV mass provide prognostic information. We evaluated the association between changes in biomarkers and changes in LV mass index (LVMI) in hemodialysis (HD) patients. METHODS This was a prospective study of 21 stable HD(More)
Renal functional decline that is frequently seen during chronic hepatitis B (CHB) treatment can exert adverse effects on overall prognosis. It, however, is difficult to distinguish vulnerable patients who may experience renal dysfunction because most previous CHB studies were conducted in relatively healthy individuals. In this retrospective observational(More)
BACKGROUND Metabolic syndrome has been suggested as a risk factor for chronic kidney disease (CKD). Inflammation is associated with both metabolic syndrome and CKD. We investigated inter-relationships between C-reactive protein (CRP), metabolic syndrome, and CKD among 9586 subjects without diabetes or hypertension. METHODS Metabolic syndrome was defined(More)
BACKGROUND Acute kidney injury (AKI) is a serious complication after coronary artery bypass grafting and is closely associated with high mortality. The objective of the present study was to identify the incidence and risk factors for AKI after off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting (OPCAB) and to construct a risk model for prediction of AKI after OPCAB.(More)
SUMMARY The aim of this study was to compare the long-term safety and efficacy of immunosuppressive regimens consisting of cyclosporine (CsA) plus mycophenolate mofetil (MMF) or tacrolimus (TAC) plus MMF after steroid withdrawal 6 months after kidney transplantation in low-risk patients. One hundred and thirty-one patients were randomized to receive either(More)
BACKGROUND Radical nephrectomy is a significant risk factor for chronic kidney disease (CKD). There are few reports on the renal outcome of acute kidney injury (AKI) after radical nephrectomy. The aim of this study was to determine the incidence of AKI and whether post-operative AKI is associated with new-onset CKD after radical nephrectomy for renal cell(More)