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BACKGROUND Prophylaxis against contrast-induced acute kidney injury (AKI) in hospitalized patients is underused. We evaluated the impact of a computerized alert program for contrast-induced AKI for hospitalized patients undergoing contrast-enhanced computed tomography (CT). STUDY DESIGN Quality improvement report. SETTING & PARTICIPANTS 463 adult(More)
Colistimethate sodium (CMS) was recently re-introduced into clinical practice as a last resort for the treatment of nosocomial infections caused by multiresistant bacteria. This retrospective cohort study was designed to identify predictors of acute kidney injury (AKI) associated with intravenous (i.v.) CMS treatment. From March 2007 to July 2008, 71 adult(More)
Slow graft function (SGF) can influence overall prognosis in patients receiving deceased donor kidney transplantation (DKT). However, the impact of SGF on renal function remains uncertain. We investigated retrospectively renal function in cases with SGF compared with early graft function (EGF) and delayed graft function (DGF). Renal function after(More)
Serum uric acid is associated with cardiovascular disease. However, the independent role of uric acid in the development of cardiovascular disease is uncertain. This study examined the cross-sectional association of serum uric acid level with microalbuminuria among 6771 subjects without diabetes or hypertension. Blood pressure was categorized as(More)
BACKGROUND Urinary angiotensinogen (AGT) was reported as a marker of renal injury in chronic kidney disease patients. However, the main source of urinary AGT is unknown in proteinuric patients because the disrupted filtration barrier might cause AGT filtration. We investigated the origin and the clinical importance of urinary AGT in proteinuric IgA(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS Left ventricular (LV) hypertrophy is a powerful predictor of mortality in dialysis patients. Serial measurements of LV mass provide prognostic information. We evaluated the association between changes in biomarkers and changes in LV mass index (LVMI) in hemodialysis (HD) patients. METHODS This was a prospective study of 21 stable HD(More)
BACKGROUND Acute kidney injury (AKI) is a serious complication after coronary artery bypass grafting and is closely associated with high mortality. The objective of the present study was to identify the incidence and risk factors for AKI after off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting (OPCAB) and to construct a risk model for prediction of AKI after OPCAB.(More)
The purpose of the present study was to evaluate the difference in BMI pattern between patients with persistent new-onset diabetes after transplantation (P-NODAT) and without new-onset diabetes after transplantation (N-NODAT) in a retrospective matched case-control (1:3) analysis. Thirty-six patients who developed P-NODAT were identified among 186 adult(More)
BACKGROUND Metabolic syndrome has been suggested as a risk factor for chronic kidney disease (CKD). Inflammation is associated with both metabolic syndrome and CKD. We investigated inter-relationships between C-reactive protein (CRP), metabolic syndrome, and CKD among 9586 subjects without diabetes or hypertension. METHODS Metabolic syndrome was defined(More)