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BACKGROUND The tumor necrosis factor (TNF) is believed to play an important role in the pathophysiology of osteoarthritis (OA). Evidence shows that genetic polymorphisms make substantial contributions to the etiology of OA. METHODS We investigated the genotypes TNF-α and TNF-β in 301 OA patients and 291 healthy subjects as controls. We employed a(More)
With the increasing use and application of engineered nanoparticles (ENPs) in a number industries, ENPs, through their unique properties, have made their way into the environment. However, the environmental fate and behavior of ENPs are largely unknown. Laboratory studies have shown that some ENPs have the potential for toxicity, suggesting they may affect(More)
A highly oxidative stress-tolerant japonica rice line was isolated by T-DNA insertion mutation followed by screening in the presence of 50 mM H(2)O(2). The T-DNA insertion was mapped to locus Os09g0547500, the gene product of which was annotated as lysine decarboxylase-like protein (GenBank accession No. AK062595). We termed this gene OsLDC-like 1, for(More)
Exposure of cells to ultraviolet B (UVB) radiation can induce production of free radicals and reactive oxygen species (ROS), which damage cellular components. In addition, these agents can stimulate the expression of matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) and decrease collagen synthesis in human skin cells. In this study, we examined the anti-photoaging effects of(More)
PURPOSE Gastrokine 1 (GKN1) plays an important role in the gastric mucosal defense mechanism and also acts as a functional gastric tumor suppressor. The specific aim of this study was to determine the molecular mechanisms underlying GKN1 tumor suppressor activity in the progression of gastric cancers. METHODS We examined the effect of GKN1 on(More)
Programmed cell death 6 (PDCD6) plays an important role in apoptotic cell death and tumorigenesis. In this study, we investigated whether PDCD6 contributes to the development and/or progression of gastric cancers. PDCD6 protein expression was examined in 169 advanced gastric cancer specimens by immunohistochemistry and then correlated with clinicopathologic(More)
Natural agents with the immunomodulating property have been gaining traction to be employed in the complementary therapy of cancer because the ineffectiveness of numerous therapeutic strategies may be related in part to the tumor-induced immunosuppressive phenotypes, especially regulatory T (Treg) cells found in the tumor microenvironment. The present study(More)
Gastrokine 1 (GKN1) protects the gastric antral mucosa and promotes healing by facilitating restitution and proliferation after injury. GKN1 is down-regulated in Helicobacter pylori-infected gastric epithelial cells and loss of GKN1 expression is tightly associated with gastric carcinogenesis. However, the underlying mechanisms as a tumor suppressor are(More)
PURPOSE Gastrokine 1 (GKN1) functions to protect the gastric antral mucosa and promotes healing by facilitating restoration and proliferation after injury. GKN1 is downregulated in Helicobacter pylori-infected gastric epithelial cells and loss of GKN1 expression is closely associated with gastric carcinogenesis, but underlying mechanisms of the(More)
Gastrokine 1 (GKN1) plays an important role in the gastric mucosal defense mechanism and also acts as a functional gastric tumor suppressor. In this study, we examined the effect of GKN1 on the expression of inflammatory mediators, including NF-κB, COX-2, and cytokines in GKN1-transfected AGS cells and shGKN1-transfected HFE-145 cells. Lymphocyte migration(More)