Yongyuan Guo

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The p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase (p38 MAPK) pathway is involved in the osteoclast differentiation. The aim of the study was to investigate whether SB203580, a p38 MAPK inhibitor, inhibits wear-debris-induced inflammatory osteolysis in mice. Forty-five mice were implanted with calvaria bone from syngeneic littermates; then, titanium (Ti) particles(More)
Wear debris-induced osteolysis in periprosthetic tissue with aseptic loosening is a serious problem after total joint arthroplasty. Matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9) is expressed in osteoclast cells that surround loosening peri-implant tissue, but the molecular mechanism of MMP-9 action in wear debris-induced osteolysis remains ambiguous. We used a murine(More)
Controversy exists regarding the clinical and radiological differences in outcomes between fixed‑bearing (FB) and mobile-bearing (MB) total knee arthroplasties (TKAs) at the mid-or long-term follow-up. We therefore conducted a meta-analysis and systematic review of random-ized controlled trials (RCTs) that have evaluated FB and MB TKAs. We searched the(More)
BACKGROUND Implantation-associated infections have increased significantly with the recent widespread use of medical implants. Treatments for these infections are not always successful because these infections are sometimes caused by multiantibiotic-resistant organisms. It is therefore particularly urgent to provide doctors with more effective antimicrobial(More)
The infection of orthopedic implantation devices with Staphylococcus is a serious concern within the biomaterial community. Treatments are not always successful because of antibiotic-resistant bacteria and serious biofilm infections. Human β-defensin 3 (hBD-3) is considered to be the most promising class of defensin antimicrobial peptides and its effect on(More)
PURPOSE An ongoing controversy exists on whether mobile-bearing design is superior over fixed-bearing design in unicondylar knee arthroplasties (UKAs). The present study conducted a systematic review to ascertain differences in performance between fixed- and mobile-bearing designs in UKAs. METHODS A literature search was performed in PubMed, Embase,(More)
PURPOSE The impact of patellar denervation with electrocautery in total knee arthroplasty (TKA) on post-operative outcomes has been under debate. This study aims to conduct a meta-analysis and systematic review to compare the benefits and risks of circumpatellar electrocautery with those of non-electrocautery in primary TKAs. METHODS Comparative and(More)
β type titanium alloys have attracted much attention in the biomedical field because they consist of non-cytotoxic elements, show high corrosion resistance, and are biologically compatible. In this study, a novel β type titanium alloy (Ti35Nb3Zr2Ta) with a Young's modulus of 48 GPa was fabricated and the alloy's corrosion resistance and in vitro response(More)
Titanium (Ti) alloys of the β-type are highly attractive metallic materials for biomedical applications due to their low elastic modulus, high corrosion resistance and notable biocompatibility. A new β-type Ti35Nb2Ta3Zr alloy with a low Young's modulus of approximately 48 GPa was previously fabricated. In the present(More)
Surface topography has significant influence on good and fast osseointegration of biomedical implants. In this work, ultrasonic shot peening was conducted to modify titanium to produce nanograined (NG) surface. Its ability to induce new bone formation was evaluated using an in vivo animal model. We demonstrated that the NG surface enhanced osteoblast(More)
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