Learn More
Septic shock is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality. However, genetic factors predisposing to septic shock are not fully understood. Excessive production of proinflammatory cytokines, particularly tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-alpha, and the resultant severe hypotension play a central role in the pathophysiological process. Mitogen-activated protein(More)
There are conflicting reports as to whether the degree of angiogenesis as measured by microvessel density (MVD) has a prognostic value in astrocytic tumors. This may be due to the use of different antibodies against endothelial cells to highlight microvessels. It has been reported that unlike pan-endothelial antibodies, such as CD31, anti-CD105 antibodies(More)
Interleukin (IL)-4 is known to be the most potent cytokine that can initiate Th2 cell differentiation. Paradoxically, IL-4 instructs dendritic cells (DCs) to promote Th1 cell differentiation. We investigated the mechanisms by which IL-4 directs CD4 T cells toward the Th1 cell lineage. Our study demonstrates that the IL-4-mediated induction of Th1 cell(More)
IL-4 promotes the development of Th2 cells and allergic inflammation. In atopic dermatitis lesions, IL-4 decreases the expression of multiple genes associated with innate defense, including genes in the epidermal differentiation complex (EDC) that regulate epidermal barrier function. However, it is not clear whether IL-4 also contributes to homeostatic(More)
To date, oxidized glycerophosphocholines (Ox-GPCs) with platelet-activating factor (PAF) activity produced non-enzymatically have not been definitively demonstrated to mediate any known disease processes. Here we provide evidence that these Ox-GPCs play a pivotal role in the photosensitivity associated with the deficiency of the DNA repair protein xeroderma(More)
Through its ability to both induce immunosuppression and act as a carcinogen, UVB radiation plays a major role in cutaneous malignancies. Recent studies have indicated that UVB-mediated inhibition of delayed-type hypersensitivity reactions is mediated, in part, by the lipid mediator platelet-activating factor (PAF). The objective of this study was to(More)
Successful proliferation and differentiation of hematopoietic progenitor cells in bone marrow (BM) is essential to generate all mature blood cell types, including those involved in the immune response. Although vaccinia virus (VV) is known to induce a strong immune response, the effect of VV infection on hematopoiesis remains largely unknown. Here, we(More)
BACKGROUND Bacterial infection with Staphylococcus aureus is a known trigger for worsening of atopic dermatitis (AD); the exact mechanisms by which bacterial infection worsens dermatitis are unknown. OBJECTIVE We sought to characterize the amounts of the biologically active bacterial lipoprotein lipoteichoic acid (LTA) in infected AD lesions. METHODS(More)
Two classes of anti-EGF receptor (EGFR) agents, monoclonal anti-EGFR antibodies and small-molecule EGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitors, have been used for the treatment of non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC). However, only a subset of patients will benefit from EGFR-targeted therapy. The discovery of biomarkers that select the appropriate patients for the(More)
Ultraviolet B radiation (UVB) is a potent stimulator of epidermal cytokine production. In addition to cytokines, such as tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha), UVB generates bioactive lipids including platelet-activating factor (PAF). Our previous in vitro studies in keratinocytes or epithelial cell lines have demonstrated that UVB-mediated production of(More)