Yongxiang Zheng

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With the aim of broadening the versatility of lentiviral vectors as a tool in nucleic acid research, we expanded the genetic code in the propagation of lentiviral vectors for site-specific incorporation of chemical moieties with unique properties. Through systematic exploration of the structure-function relationship of lentiviral VSVg envelope by(More)
Development of hepatitis C virus (HCV) entry inhibitors represents an emerging approach that satisfies a tandem mechanism for use with other inhibitors in a multifaceted cocktail. By screening Chinese herbal extracts, oleanolic acid (OA) was found to display weak potency to inhibit HCV entry with an IC50 of 10 μM. Chemical exploration of this triterpene(More)
Strategies to regulate gene function frequently use small interfering RNAs (siRNAs) that can be made from their shRNA precursors via Dicer. However, when the duplex components of these siRNA effectors are expressed from their respective coding genes, the RNA interference (RNAi) activity is much reduced. Here, we explored the mechanisms of action of shRNA(More)
Virus-based nanoparticles have shown promise as vehicles for delivering therapeutic genes. However, the rational design of viral vectors that enable selective tropism towards particular types of cells and tissues remains challenging. Here, we explored structural-functional relationships of the adeno-associated virus 2 (AAV2) vector by expanding its genetic(More)
With the aim to overcome the heterogeneity associated with marketed IFN-α2b PEGylates and optimize the size of the PEG moiety and the site of PEGylation, we develop a viable and facile platform through genetic code expansion for PEGylation of IFN-α2b at any chosen site(s). This approach includes site-specific incorporation of an azide-bearing amino acid(More)
In our previous studies, oleanolic acid (OA) and echinocystic acid (EA), isolated from Dipsacus asperoides, were found to have anti-HCV entry properties. The major issue for members of this type of triterpene is their low water solubility. In this study, a series of new water-soluble triazole-bridged β-cyclodextrin (CD)-pentacyclic triterpene conjugates(More)
A method for palladium-catalyzed oxalyl amide-directed arylation of α-unsubstituted aliphatic amines with aryl iodides has been developed. A wide variety of aryl iodides are tolerated in this transformation, affording various γ-arylpropylamine derivatives. Heterocyclic iodides can also be competent reagents in this γ-C(sp(3))-H bonds transformation.
The first bidentate directing group assisted highly selective meta arylation of β-arylethylamine derivatives via palladium/norbornene catalysis is reported, and the range of aryl iodides for the oxalyl amide assisted meta-selective arylation reactions is broadest yet reported. This meta arylation also proceeds well with thiophene derivatives, giving the(More)
In this study, we aimed to develop a safe and stable form of human growth hormone (hGH) and to refine PEGylation methods for therapeutic proteins via genetic code expansion. Through this precise approach, a series of polyethylene glycol (PEG) moieties and sites were combined in various ways. Additionally, the effects of combinatorial PEGylation on the(More)
The development of entry inhibitors is an emerging approach to the prevention and reduction of HCV infection. Starting from echinocystic acid (EA), a μM HCV entry inhibitor, we have developed a series of bivalent oleanane-type triterpenes which, upon optimization of the length, rigidity and hydrophobicity of the linker, exert dramatically potent enhancement(More)