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The consequences of human RNA polymerase II (pol II) arrest at the site of DNA damaged by cisplatin were studied in whole cells and cell extracts, with a particular focus on the stability of stalled pol II and its subsequent ubiquitylation. Site-specifically platinated DNA templates immobilized on a solid support were used to perform in vitro transcription(More)
Protein G is an antibody binding protein, which specifically targets the Fc region of an antibody. It therefore has been widely used to immobilize different types of antibodies in numerous immunoassays. Here, we have engineered Streptococcus protein G to contain various numbers of cysteine residues at the N-terminus and therefore to form well-oriented(More)
Antibody immobilization on a solid support is an essential process for the development of most immune-based assay systems. The choice of the immobilization method greatly affects antibody-antigen interactions on the assay surface. For the past several years, numerous strategies have been reported to control antibody immobilization, mainly by directing the(More)
HMGB1, a highly conserved non-histone DNA-binding protein, interacts with specific DNA structural motifs such as those encountered at cisplatin damage, four-way junctions, and supercoils. The interaction of full-length HMGB1, containing two tandem HMG box domains and a C-terminal acidic tail, with cisplatin-modified DNA was investigated by hydroxyl radical(More)
The TATA-binding protein (TBP) recognizes the TATA box element of transcriptional promoters and recruits other initiation factors. This essential protein binds selectively to cisplatin-damaged DNA. Electrophoretic mobility shift assays were performed to study the kinetics of TBP binding both to the TATA box and to cisplatin-damaged DNA in different sequence(More)
A versatile biolinker for efficient antibody immobilization was prepared by site-specific coupling of protein G to DNA oligonucleotide. This protein G-DNA conjugate ensures the controlled immobilization of an antibody to the intended area on the surface of bioassay chips or particles, while maintaining the activity and orientation of the bound antibody.(More)
Transcription inhibition by DNA adducts of cisplatin is considered to be one of the major routes by which this anticancer drug kills cancer cells. Stalled RNA polymerases at platinum-DNA lesions evoke various cellular responses such as nucleotide excision repair, polymerase degradation, and apoptosis. T7 RNA polymerase and site-specifically platinated DNA(More)
Utilizing a gold enhancement process after inducing electrostatic interaction between positively charged gold nanoparticles and negatively charged target DNA hybridized to neutral PNA capture probes, a new method for label-free detection of DNA was developed and successfully applied to detect H5-type DNA.
Here we report new photoactivable antibody binding proteins, which site-selectively capture antibodies and form covalent conjugates with captured antibodies upon irradiation. The proteins allow the site-selective tagging and/or immobilization of antibodies with a highly preferred orientation and omit the need for prior antibody modifications. The minimal(More)