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Next-generation grid systems where the emphasis shifts to distributed global collaboration, a service-oriented approach, and information layer issues exhibit a strong sense of automation. Requirements for these systems resemble the self-organizing and the self-healing properties of natural ecosystems. Inspired by this resemblance, we introduce some key(More)
It is a critical challenge to develop automated methods for fast and accurately determining the structures of proteins because of the increasingly widening gap between the number of sequence-known proteins and that of structure-known proteins in the post-genomic age. The knowledge of protein structural class can provide useful information towards the(More)
In the first part of this paper, we investigate explicit structure of the typical Takagi– Sugeno (TS) fuzzy PI and PD controllers. By typical, we mean the use of at least three trapezoidal or triangular input fuzzy sets for each input variable, fuzzy rules with linear consequent, Zadeh fuzzy logic AND operator and the centroid defuzzifier. This(More)
Grid technologies facilitate innovative applications among dynamic virtual organizations, while the ability to deploy, manage, and properly remain functioning via traditional approaches has been exceeded by the complexity of the next generation of grid systems. An important method for addressing this challenge may require nature-inspired computing(More)