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Hepatitis B viruses (HBVs) show instantaneous and high-ratio mutations when they are replicated, some sorts of which significantly affect the efficiency of virus replication through enhancing or depressing the viral replication, while others have no influence at all. The mechanism of gene expression is closely correlated with its gene sequence. With the(More)
The function of eukaryotic protein is closely correlated with its subcellular location. The number of newly found protein sequences entering into data banks is rapidly increasing with the success of human genome project. It is highly desirable to predict a protein subcellular automatically from its amino acid sequence. In this paper, amino acid hydrophobic(More)
A gene-clone-library-based molecular approach was used to study the nirS-encoding bacteria–environment relationship in the sediments of the eutrophic Jiaozhou Bay. Diverse nirS sequences were recovered and most of them were related to the marine cluster I group, ubiquitous in estuarine, coastal, and marine environments. Some NirS sequences were unique to(More)
Next-generation grid systems where the emphasis shifts to distributed global collaboration, a service-oriented approach, and information layer issues exhibit a strong sense of automation. Requirements for these systems resemble the self-organizing and the self-healing properties of natural ecosystems. Inspired by this resemblance, we introduce some key(More)
It is a critical challenge to develop automated methods for fast and accurately determining the structures of proteins because of the increasingly widening gap between the number of sequence-known proteins and that of structure-known proteins in the post-genomic age. The knowledge of protein structural class can provide useful information towards the(More)
Air samples were concurrently collected using high volume air samplers for 24 h every week from September 2008 to August 2009 at 15 sites (11 urban, 1 suburban, and 3 background/rural) across China. Twelve polybrominated diphenyl ether (PBDE) congeners (BDE-17, -28, -47, -66, -85, -99, -100, -138, -153, -154, -183, and -209) were measured. Total PBDE(More)
Haloacetic acids (HAAs) were determined by a fast and simple analysis method based on microchip electrophoresis and capacitively coupled contactless conductivity detection (C(4)D). Two chlorinated acetic acids, dichloroacetic acid (DCAA) and TCA were detected in swimming pool water. Different BGEs were tested, and sodium carbonate was selected as BGE for(More)