Yongsheng Chang

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BACKGROUND Sirtuin 3 (SIRT3) is one of the seven mammalian sirtuins, which are homologs of the yeast Sir2 gene. SIRT3 is the only sirtuin with a reported association with the human life span. Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma coactivator-1alpha (PGC-1alpha) plays important roles in adaptive thermogenesis, gluconeogenesis, mitochondrial(More)
Micro-RNAs (miRNAs) have been suggested to play pivotal roles in multifarious diseases associated with the posttranscriptional regulation of protein-coding genes. In this study, we aimed to investigate the function of miRNAs in type 2 diabetes mellitus. The miRNAs expression profiles were examined by miRNA microarray analysis of skeletal muscles from(More)
Cultures of differentiating fetal human type II cells have been available for many years. However, studies with differentiated adult human type II cells are limited. We used a published method for type II cell isolation and developed primary culture systems for maintenance of differentiated adult human alveolar epithelial cells for in vitro studies. Human(More)
The peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-gamma (PPAR-gamma) coactivator-1 beta (PGC-1 beta) is a well-established regulator of the beta-oxidation of fatty acids and the oxidative phosphorylation in mitochondria. However, the underlying mechanism of PGC-1 beta action remains elusive. This study reveals that PGC-1 beta is highly induced during myogenic(More)
GLUT4 is the main glucose transporter activated by insulin in skeletal muscle cells and adipocytes. GLUT4 storage vesicles (GSVs) traffic in endocytic and exocytic compartments. In the basal state, GLUT4 compartments are preferentially sequestered in perinuclear deposits wherein stimuli including insulin and non-insulin factors can increase GLUT4 vesicle(More)
Lipid synthesis is required for cell growth and is subject to pharmacologic regulation. Keratinocyte growth factor (KGF) stimulates proliferation and lipogenesis in H292 cells, a pulmonary epithelial cancer cell line, but the signaling pathways are not known. KGF stimulated the expression of the transcription factors sterol-regulatory element binding(More)
UNLABELLED Human patatin-like phospholipase domain-containing 3 (PNPLA3) is associated with increased liver fat content and liver injury. Here, we show that nutritional status regulates PNPLA3 gene expression in the mouse liver. Sterol response element binding protein-1 (SREBP-1) activated PNPLA3 gene transcription via sterol regulatory elements (SREs)(More)
The molecular mechanisms underlying neuronal leptin and insulin resistance in obesity and diabetes remain unclear. Here we show that induction of the unfolded protein response transcription factor spliced X-box binding protein 1 (Xbp1s) in pro-opiomelanocortin (Pomc) neurons alone is sufficient to protect against diet-induced obesity as well as improve(More)
Type 2 diabetes (T2D) is a very heterogeneous and multifactorial disease. The pathophysiology of T2D is presumed to occur with an alteration in the levels of plasma proteins. To identify these differentially expressed proteins, plasma samples from normal and T2D humans were subjected to two-dimensional gel electrophoresis, quantitative densitometry, and(More)
OBJECTIVE Adiponectin receptors (AdipoRs) are located on neurons of the hypothalamus involved in metabolic regulation - including arcuate proopiomelanocortin (Pomc) and Neuropeptide Y/Agouti-related peptide (NPY/AgRP) neurons. AdipoRs play a critical role in regulating glucose and fatty acid metabolism by initiating several signaling cascades overlapping(More)