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Preference for the northern (N) ring conformation of the ribose moiety of adenine nucleotide 3',5'-bisphosphate antagonists of P2Y(1) receptors was established by using a ring-constrained methanocarba (a bicyclo[3.1.0]hexane) ring as a ribose substitute (Nandanan et al. J. Med. Chem. 2000, 43, 829-842). We have now combined the ring-constrained(More)
It was recently established that fructose-1,6-bisphosphate (FBP) aldolase (FBA) and tagatose-1,6-bisphosphate (TBP) aldolase (TBA), two class II aldolases, are highly specific for the diastereoselective synthesis of FBP and TBP from glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate (G3P) and dihydroxyacetone phosphate (DHAP), respectively. In this paper, we report on a FBA from(More)
In light of the anti-inflammatory properties of histone deacetylase (HDAC) inhibitors, such as suberoylanilide hydroxamic acid (SAHA) and trichostatin A (TSA), we examined a new HDAC inhibitor KBH-A42 for its anti-inflammatory activities. KBH-A42 showed noteworthy anti-inflammatory properties in vitro via suppression of the production of TNF-alpha, a(More)
The condensed version: Thiolated glycol chitosan can form stable nanoparticles with polymerized siRNAs through charge-charge interactions and self-cross-linking (see scheme). This poly-siRNA/glycol chitosan nanoparticles (psi-TGC) provided sufficient in vivo stability for systemic delivery of siRNAs. Knockdown of tumor proteins by psi-TGC resulted in a(More)
Fusobacterium nucleatum is classified into five subspecies that inhabit the human oral cavity (F. nucleatum subsp. nucleatum, F. nucleatum subsp. polymorphum, F. nucleatum subsp. fusiforme, F. nucleatum subsp. vincentii, and F. nucleatum subsp. animalis) based on several phenotypic characteristics and DNA-DNA hybridization patterns. However, the methods for(More)
A series of novel (1S)-(-)-verbenone derivatives was synthesized bearing a 4-styryl scaffold. The synthesized compounds were tested for their anti-oxidant, anti-excitotoxic, and anti-ischemic activities. These derivatives significantly reduced oxygen-glucose deprivation-induced neuronal injury and N-methyl-D-aspartic acid-evoked excitotoxicity in cortical(More)
Osteoclast cells (OCs) are differentiated from bone marrow-derived macrophages (BMMs) by activation of receptor activator of nuclear factor κB (NF-κB) ligand (RANKL). Activation of NADPH oxidase (Nox) isozymes is involved in RANKL-dependent OC differentiation, implicating Nox isozymes as therapeutic targets for treatment of osteoporosis. Here, we show that(More)
Here, we designed a new nano-sized siRNA carrier system composed of biocompatible/biodegradable glycol chitosan polymer (GC) and strongly positively charged polyethylenimine (PEI) polymers. In order to make a stable and tumor-homing nano-sized carrier, each polymer was modified with hydrophobic 5beta-cholanic acid, and they were simply mixed to form(More)