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The SOS (for Salt Overly Sensitive) pathway plays essential roles in conferring salt tolerance in Arabidopsis thaliana. Under salt stress, the calcium sensor SOS3 activates the kinase SOS2 that positively regulates SOS1, a plasma membrane sodium/proton antiporter. We show that SOS3 acts primarily in roots under salt stress. By contrast, the SOS3 homolog(More)
The plasma membrane H(+)-ATPase (PM H(+)-ATPase) plays an important role in the regulation of ion and metabolite transport and is involved in physiological processes that include cell growth, intracellular pH, and stomatal regulation. PM H(+)-ATPase activity is controlled by many factors, including hormones, calcium, light, and environmental stresses like(More)
Protein ubiquitination is a reversible process catalyzed by ubiquitin ligases and ubiquitin-specific proteases (UBPs). We report the identification and characterization of UBP16 in Arabidopsis thaliana. UBP16 is a functional ubiquitin-specific protease and its enzyme activity is required for salt tolerance. Plants lacking UBP16 were hypersensitive to salt(More)
In this paper, the delayed projection neural network for a class of solving convex programming problem is proposed. The existence of solution and global exponential stability of the proposed network are proved, which can guarantee to converge at an exact optimal solution of the convex programming problems. Several examples are given to show the(More)
The effects of exogenous abscisic acid (ABA) on the acclimation of Picea asperata to water deficit were investigated in two populations originating from wet and dry climate regions of China. Exogenous ABA was sprayed onto the leaves, and changes in plant growth and structure, gas exchange, water use efficiency (WUE), endogenous ABA content, and antioxidant(More)
This paper is concerned with the stabilization of bidirectional associative memory neural networks with time-varying delays in the leakage terms using sampled-data control. We apply an input delay approach to change the sampling system into a continuous time-delay system. Based on the Lyapunov theory, some stability criteria are obtained. These conditions(More)