Yongping Shao

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Melanoma cells are highly resistant to anoikis, a form of apoptosis induced in nonadherent/inappropriate adhesion conditions. Depleting B-RAF or the prosurvival Bcl-2 family protein Mcl-1 renders mutant B-RAF melanoma cells susceptible to anoikis. In this study, we examined the effect of targeting B-RAF on the survival of primary stage melanoma cells(More)
The Escherichia coli protein Fis is remarkable for its ability to interact specifically with DNA sites of highly variable sequences. The mechanism of this sequence-flexible DNA recognition is not well understood. In a previous study, we examined the contributions of Fis residues to high-affinity binding at different DNA sequences using alanine-scanning(More)
In early 2011, we reviewed the initial success of the RAF inhibitor vemurafenib in mutant V600 BRAF melanoma patients. It was soon evident that the response to RAF inhibitor is heterogeneous and that the short-term benefits are burdened by the development of resistance. The field has progressed rapidly with the Food and Drug Administration approval of(More)
Although previous evidence indicates close involvement of CD147 in the pathogenesis of liver fibrosis, the underlying molecular mechanisms and its therapeutic value remain largely unknown. In the present study, we investigated the biological roles of CD147 in liver fibrosis and assessed its therapeutic value as a target molecule in the CCl4-induced liver(More)
Fis (factor for inversion stimulation) is a nucleoid-associated protein in Escherichia coli and other bacteria that stimulates certain site-specific DNA recombination events, alters DNA topology, and serves as a global gene regulator. DNA binding is central to the functions of Fis and involves a helix-turn-helix DNA binding motif located in the(More)
Targeted inhibitors elicit heterogeneous clinical responses in genetically stratified groups of patients. Although most studies focus on tumor intrinsic properties, factors in the tumor microenvironment were recently found to modulate the response to inhibitors. Here, we show that in cutaneous BRAF V600E melanoma, the cytokine tumor necrosis factor-α (TNFα)(More)
For many bacteriophages (phages), the proteins responsible for host lysis and virion morphogenesis are expressed from the same polycistronic transcript. Such an expression pattern can potentially have a pleiotropic effect on the assembly rate and lysis time, thus affecting phage fitness. To study the effects of late promoter activity on phage life history(More)
We have sequenced and characterized two R-plasmid-dependent single-stranded RNA bacteriophages (RPD ssRNA phages), C-1 and Hagl1. Phage C-1 requires a conjugative plasmid of the IncC group, while Hgal1 requires the IncH group. Both the adsorption rate constants and one-step growth curves are determined for both phages. We also empirically confirmed the(More)
Cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma (cSCC) is one of the most common skin malignant tumors with an increasing incidence. Studies have shown that Yes-associated protein (YAP) participates in the development of a variety of tumors as an oncogene, but to our knowledge its role in cSCC has not been reported. In this study, we used immunohistochemistry to show(More)