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BACKGROUND T helper (Th) 17 and regulatory T (Treg) cells play a critical role in the pathogenesis of multiple sclerosis (MS) disease. Bu Shen Yi Sui Capsule (BSYSC), a traditional Chinese medicine formula, has been used clinically for the treatment of MS patients in China. METHODS To evaluate the neuroprotective effects and the underlying mechanisms of(More)
A preliminary clinical study by our group demonstrated Bushen Yisui Capsule (formerly called Erhuang Formula) in combination with conventional therapy is an effective prescription for the treatment of multiple sclerosis. However, its effect on axonal injury during early multiple sclerosis remains unclear. In this study, a MOG35-55-immunized C57BL/6 mouse(More)
Erhuang capsule, a typical formula based on traditional Chinese medicine theory, is widely used to ameliorate multiple sclerosis, inflammation and side effects of glucocorticoid treatment. Oligodendrocyte precursor cells are neural stem cells that are important for myelin repair and regeneration. In the present study, Erhuang capsule effectively improved(More)
OBJECTIVES The purpose of this study is to reveal the effect of Erhaungfang on relapsing multiple sclerosis (MS) and investigate the underlying mechanism. METHODS In our 2-year, randomized study, a total of 67 patients (diagnosed as MS) with age from 15 to 60 years were enrolled in this study. All patients in the acute phase were treated with(More)
BACKGROUND In neuromyelitis optica (NMO), one of the underlying pathogenic mechanisms is the formation of antigen-antibody complexes which can trigger an inflammatory response by inducing the infiltration of neutrophils in lesions. Epithelial neutrophil-activating peptide 78 (ENA 78), known as Chemokine (C-X-C motif) ligand 5 (CXCL5), belongs to the(More)
The homeostatic balance between production and elimination of CD4+ T cells in peripheral blood plays an important role in patients with neuromyelitis optica (NMO). The objective of the present study was to evaluate the anti-apoptosis genes Bcl-2 and its promoter signal (nuclear factor kappa-light-chain-enhancer of activated B cells, NFκB) in CD4+ T cells.(More)
BACKGROUND Discovery of specific antibodies against astrocytic water channel aquaporin-4 (AQP4), which is produced by plasma cells, in the serum of neuromyelitis optica (NMO) confirmed the pathogenic role of B cells in NMO. C-X-C motif ligand 13 (CXCL13) and B-cell-activating factor (BAFF) are two crucial factors for antibody production. Relevant studies(More)
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