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OBJECTIVE Repeated functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) studies of schizophrenic subjects may identify brain activity changes in response to interventions. To interpret the findings, however, it is crucial to know the test-retest reliability of the measures used. METHOD The authors scanned seven normal subjects and seven schizophrenic subjects on(More)
Diffusion tensor imaging is a new in vivo tool not only for the assessment of white matter structural integrity but also for diagnosis and assessment of disease conditions which disturb tissue structural coherence. In this study, we investigated the integrity of auditory pathway in patients of sensorineural hearing loss by means of fractional anisotropy of(More)
OBJECTIVE We report a case study on possible alterations in resting-state functional connectivity between the auditory network and non-auditory brain regions in tinnitus patients. DESIGN Independent component analyses were performed to evaluate coherent spontaneous activity in distributed brain networks. The resting-state functional connectivity scores(More)
This fMRI study was undertaken to test whether the pathophysiological mechanism of mirror movements in hemiparetic stroke patients involves activation of the unaffected motor cortex. We studied 16 control subjects and 51 stroke patients. fMRI was performed at 1.5 T using a finger flexion-extension movement paradigm. The incidence of bilateral primary(More)
Fibromyalgia (FM), characterized by chronic widespread pain, is known to be associated with heightened responses to painful stimuli and atypical resting-state functional connectivity among pain-related regions of the brain. Previous studies of FM using resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging (rs-fMRI) have focused on intrinsic functional(More)
Methamphetamine (MA) abusers commonly exhibit socially problematic behaviors, such as diminished empathy, decreased emotional regulation and interpersonal violence, which may be attributable to alterations in emotional experience. However, few studies have used functional MRI to examine directly the emotional experience of threatening or fearful non-face(More)
Chronic exposure to manganese (Mn), which can be an occupational hazard or can result from liver failure, is associated with adverse motor and cognitive outcomes. Evidence from previous neuroimaging and magnetic resonance spectroscopy studies suggested alteration of function in Mn-exposed brains. However, the effect of chronic exposure of the human brain to(More)
Chronic use of methamphetamine is related to behavioral disturbances including depression, aggressive behavior, and social isolation. These alterations of social behavior may be attributable to impairments in social cognition. However, few studies have evaluated social cognition in methamphetamine (MA) abusers. Therefore, the aim of the present study was to(More)
Recent functional imaging studies have demonstrated that the sensation of tinnitus is associated with activity in cortical regions functionally linked to subserve the generation, perception and processing of the tinnitus stimulus. Previous functional imaging studies have focused primarily on the cortical centers. However, none of these examined the(More)
OBJECTIVES The aim of the study was to evaluate subclinical neurological effects in welders, using an extensive list of neurobehavioral batteries and determine if there is a link between pallidal index (PI) and subclinical neurobehavioral effects in the spectrum of manganese (Mn) symptomatology. METHODS A total of 43 asymptomatic male welders and 29 age-(More)