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Accurate and automatic image orientation detection is of great importance in image libraries. In this paper, we present automatic image orientation detection algorithms by adopting both the illuminance (structural) and chrominance (color) low-level content features. The statistical learning Support Vector Machines (SVMs) are used in our approach as the(More)
UNLABELLED We showed that unloading markedly diminished the effects of IGF-I to activate its signaling pathways, and the disintegrin echistatin showed a similar block in osteoprogenitor cells. Furthermore, unloading decreased alphaVbeta3 integrin expression. These results show that skeletal unloading induces resistance to IGF-I by inhibiting activation of(More)
Parathyroid hormone (PTH) exerts both catabolic and anabolic actions on bone. Studies on the skeletal effects of PTH have seldom considered the effects of gender. Our study was designed to determine whether the response of mouse bone to PTH differed according to sex. As a first step, we analyzed gender differences with respect to bone mass and structural(More)
The role of insulin like growth factor-I (IGF-I) during pre-natal development has not been evaluated in detail. However, the high degree of growth retardation and peri-natal mortality in IGF-I deficient mouse models indicates that it plays a critical role during this time. Techniques to assess the structure and quality of bone in small animal fetuses could(More)
This review focuses on the anabolic effects of IGF-1 signaling on the skeleton, emphasizing the requirement for IGF-1 signaling in normal bone formation and remodeling. We first discuss the genomic context, splicing variants, and species conservation of the IGF-1 locus. The modulation of IGF-1 action by growth hormone (GH) is then reviewed while also(More)
Ephrin B2/EphB4 mediates interactions among osteoblasts (OBs), osteoclasts (OCLs), and chondrocytes to regulate their differentiation. We investigated the role of ephrin B2/EphB4 signaling in mediating the anabolic effects of insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF-I) and parathyroid hormone (PTH) on those cells and overall endochondral bone formation.(More)
OBJECTIVE Plasma fibrinogen has been defined as a risk factor of cardiovascular disease and may play a role in the development of cardiac hypertrophy. We have previously demonstrated that the Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4)-mediated myeloid differentiation primary response protein 88 (MyD88)-dependent nuclear factor-kappaB (NF-kappaB) pathway is involved in(More)
Systemic derangements and perinatal death of generalized insulin-like growth factor 1 (IGF-1) and IGF-1 receptor (IGF-1R) knockout mice preclude definitive assessment of IGF-1R actions in growth-plate (GP) chondrocytes. We generated cartilage-specific Igf1r knockout ((Cart) Igf1r(-/-)) mice to investigate local control of chondrocyte differentiation in the(More)
We examined the role of Tollip in the hypertrophic response of cardiomyocytes. C57BL/6 mice were subjected to transverse aortic constriction (TAC) for 2 weeks and age-matched sham surgical operated mice served as control. TAC significantly reduced the association of Tollip with IRAK-1 by 66.4 percent and increased NF-kappaB binding activity by 86.5 percent(More)
UNLABELLED We showed that IGF-I deficiency impaired osteoclastogenesis directly and/or indirectly by altering the interaction between stromal/osteoblastic cells and osteoclast precursors, reducing RANKL and M-CSF production. These changes lead to impaired bone resorption, resulting in high BV/TV in IGF-I null mice. INTRODUCTION Although IGF-I has been(More)