Yongkang Liu

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In this paper, cognitive routing coupled with spectrum sensing and sharing in a multi-channel multi-hop cognitive radio network (CRN) is investigated. Recognizing the spectrum dynamics in CRN, we propose an opportunistic cognitive routing (OCR) protocol that allows users to exploit the geographic location information and discover the local spectrum access(More)
In cognitive radio networks, channel information is desired by unlicensed secondary users (SUs) to perform effective power control so as to avoid undue interference to licensed primary users (PUs). However, in general, there is no regular information exchange between PUs and SUs, which implies that SUs are unable to obtain up-to-date channel information at(More)
There is a growing interest in the use of renewable energy sources to power wireless networks in order to mitigate the detrimental effects of conventional energy production or to enable deployment in off-grid locations. However, renewable energy sources, such as solar and wind, are by nature unstable in their availability and capacity. The dynamics of(More)
In this paper, we exploit the heterogeneity of wireless channels and propose an efficient opportunistic cognitive routing (OCR) scheme for dynamic spectrum access (DSA) networks. We first introduce a novel routing metric by jointly considering physical characteristics of spectrum bands and diverse activities of primary users (PU) in each band. To(More)
Dynamic spectrum access (DSA) can be leveraged by introducing external spectrum sensing for secondary users (SUs) to overcome the hidden primary users (PUs) problem and improve spectrum utilization. In this paper, we investigate the DSA networks with external sensors, i.e., external sensing agents, to utilize spectrum access opportunities located in(More)
Due to the lack of effective diagnostic tools, most patients with cholangiocarcinoma (CCA) have no chance of surgical resection. Ars2 is a protein that was reported to be important for microRNA (miR) biogenesis, and its depletion can reduce the levels of several miRs, including miR-21, which is overexpressed in CCAs. We hypothesized that Ars2 was also(More)
The unprecedented expansion of ubiquitous broadband communication networks and the increasing demand of multimedia services have led to a significant growth in the energy consumption of communication networks. Facing the fact that the cost of energy continues to rise, energy sustainability in the future has become one of the most important research(More)
This paper proposes a novel base station (BS) coordination approach for intercell interference mitigation in the orthogonal frequency-division multiple access based cellular networks. Specifically, we first propose a new performance metric for evaluating end user’s quality of experience (QoE), which jointly considers spectrum efficiency, user fairness, and(More)