Yongjun Zhou

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Gene fscTE, encoding a putative type II thioesterase (TEII), was associated with the FR-008/candicidin gene cluster. Deletion of fscTE reduced approximately 90% of the FR-008/candicidin production, while the production level was well restored when fscTE was added back to the mutant in trans. FscTE was unable to compensate for the release of the maturely(More)
Tailoring steps are often important for the activity of mature antibiotics. Here, we report that novel decarboxylated FR-008/candicidin derivatives were obtained from the P450 monooxygenase gene fscP mutant of Streptomyces sp. strain FR-008. The toxicity of decarboxylated FR-008/candicidin derivatives has been shown to be greatly reduced compared to that of(More)
FR-008/candicidin is a heptaene macrolide with established antifungal activity, produced by Streptomyces sp. FR-008 as a complex mixture of compounds. Here, six components (FR-008-I to -VI) of the FR-008/candicidin complex were determined; III, V, and VI were confirmed as natural products, principally differing from each other at C-3 and C-9, while the(More)
Elaiophylin is an unusual C2 -symmetric antibiotic macrodiolide produced on a bacterial modular polyketide synthase assembly line. To probe the mechanism and selectivity of diolide formation, we sought to reconstitute ring formation in vitro by using a non-natural substrate. Incubation of recombinant elaiophylin thioesterase/cyclase with a synthetic(More)
Conglobatin is an unusual C2-symmetrical macrodiolide from the bacterium Streptomyces conglobatus with promising antitumor activity. Insights into the genes and enzymes that govern both the assembly-line production of the conglobatin polyketide and its dimerization are essential to allow rational alterations to be made to the conglobatin structure. We have(More)
The assembly-line synthases that produce bacterial polyketide natural products follow a modular paradigm in which each round of chain extension is catalysed by a different set or module of enzymes. Examples of deviation from this paradigm, in which a module catalyses either multiple extensions or none are of interest from both a mechanistic and an(More)
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