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The intracellular storage and utilization of lipids are critical to maintain cellular energy homeostasis. During nutrient deprivation, cellular lipids stored as triglycerides in lipid droplets are hydrolysed into fatty acids for energy. A second cellular response to starvation is the induction of autophagy, which delivers intracellular proteins and(More)
Nuclear receptors are multi-domain transcription factors that bind to DNA elements from which they regulate gene expression. The peroxisome proliferator-activated receptors (PPARs) form heterodimers with the retinoid X receptor (RXR), and PPAR-gamma has been intensively studied as a drug target because of its link to insulin sensitization. Previous(More)
Synchronizing rhythms of behaviour and metabolic processes is important for cardiovascular health and preventing metabolic diseases. The nuclear receptors REV-ERB-α and REV-ERB-β have an integral role in regulating the expression of core clock proteins driving rhythms in activity and metabolism. Here we describe the identification of potent synthetic(More)
Unlike the central nervous system, peripheral nerves can regenerate when damaged. MicroRNA (miRNA) is a novel class of small, non-coding RNA that regulates gene expression at the post-transcriptional level. Here, we report regular alterations of miRNA expression following rat sciatic nerve injury using deep sequencing. We harvested dorsal root ganglia(More)
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are a novel class of small non-coding RNAs that regulate gene expression at the post-transcriptional level. Here we report early alterations of miRNAs expression following rat sciatic nerve injury using microarray analysis. We harvested dorsal root ganglia (DRG) tissues and identified 19 miRNAs that showed significant changes at four(More)
OBJECTIVES In contrast with disorders of comprehension and spontaneous expression, conduction aphasia is characterized by poor repetition, which is a hallmark of the syndrome. There are many theories on the repetition impairment of conduction aphasia. The disconnection theory suggests that a damaged in the arcuate fasciculus, which connects Broca's and(More)
Type I human hepatic 3␣-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase (AKR1C4) plays a significant role in bile acid biosynthesis, steroid hormone metabolism, and xenobiotic metabolism. Utilization of a hidden Markov model for predictive modeling of nuclear hormone receptor response elements coupled with chromatin immunoprecipitation/microarray technology revealed a(More)
After peripheral nerve injury, Schwann cells are rapidly activated to participate in the regenerative process and modulate local immune reactions. Tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), one of the major initiators of the inflammatory cascade, has been known to exert pleiotropic functions during peripheral nerve injury and regeneration. In this study, we aimed to(More)
Dorsal root ganglia (DRG) neurons spontaneously undergo neurite growth after nerve injury. MicroRNAs (miRNAs), as small, non-coding RNAs, negatively regulate gene expression in a variety of biological processes. The roles of miRNAs in the regulation of responses of DRG neurons to injury stimuli, however, are not fully understood. Here, microarray analysis(More)
The regulation of Schwann cell (SC) responses to injury stimuli by microRNAs (miRNAs) remains to be explored. Here, we identified 17 miRNAs that showed dynamic expression alterations at five early time points following rat sciatic nerve resection. Then we analyzed the expression pattern of 17 miRNAs, and integrated their putative targets with differentially(More)