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The intracellular storage and utilization of lipids are critical to maintain cellular energy homeostasis. During nutrient deprivation, cellular lipids stored as triglycerides in lipid droplets are hydrolysed into fatty acids for energy. A second cellular response to starvation is the induction of autophagy, which delivers intracellular proteins and(More)
Nuclear receptors are multi-domain transcription factors that bind to DNA elements from which they regulate gene expression. The peroxisome proliferator-activated receptors (PPARs) form heterodimers with the retinoid X receptor (RXR), and PPAR-gamma has been intensively studied as a drug target because of its link to insulin sensitization. Previous(More)
The 3rd Generation Partnership (3GPP) standard is developing System Architecture Evolution(SAE)/Long Term Evolution(LTE) architecture for the next generation mobile communication system. In the LTE/SAE architecture, EPS AKA(Evolved Packet System Authentication and Key Agreement) procedure is used to provide mutual authentication between the user and the(More)
Synchronizing rhythms of behaviour and metabolic processes is important for cardiovascular health and preventing metabolic diseases. The nuclear receptors REV-ERB-α and REV-ERB-β have an integral role in regulating the expression of core clock proteins driving rhythms in activity and metabolism. Here we describe the identification of potent synthetic(More)
Unlike the central nervous system, peripheral nerves can regenerate when damaged. MicroRNA (miRNA) is a novel class of small, non-coding RNA that regulates gene expression at the post-transcriptional level. Here, we report regular alterations of miRNA expression following rat sciatic nerve injury using deep sequencing. We harvested dorsal root ganglia(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Inflammation exists in inception, progression, and reperfusion of acute ischemic stroke. Insightful understanding of correlation in inflammatory mediators and stroke severity with intracranial artery stenosis may improve rational stroke therapy. METHODS We prospectively recruited 977 patients with acute noncardioembolic ischemic(More)
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are a novel class of small non-coding RNAs that regulate gene expression at the post-transcriptional level. Here we report early alterations of miRNAs expression following rat sciatic nerve injury using microarray analysis. We harvested dorsal root ganglia (DRG) tissues and identified 19 miRNAs that showed significant changes at four(More)
OBJECTIVES In contrast with disorders of comprehension and spontaneous expression, conduction aphasia is characterized by poor repetition, which is a hallmark of the syndrome. There are many theories on the repetition impairment of conduction aphasia. The disconnection theory suggests that a damaged in the arcuate fasciculus, which connects Broca's and(More)
PURPOSE It has been reported that increased white matter lesions (WML) is one of the risk factors for stroke. To quantify WML objectively with the presence of acute infarcts, we proposed an automated segmentation scheme to locate WMLs in combined T1-weighted MRI, fluid attenuation inversion recovery (FLAIR) and diffusion weighted imaging (DWI). MATERIALS(More)
Type I human hepatic 3␣-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase (AKR1C4) plays a significant role in bile acid biosynthesis, steroid hormone metabolism, and xenobiotic metabolism. Utilization of a hidden Markov model for predictive modeling of nuclear hormone receptor response elements coupled with chromatin immunoprecipitation/microarray technology revealed a(More)