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The most common human cancers are malignant neoplasms of the skin. Incidence of cutaneous melanoma is rising especially steeply, with minimal progress in non-surgical treatment of advanced disease. Despite significant effort to identify independent predictors of melanoma outcome, no accepted histopathological, molecular or immunohistochemical marker defines(More)
We previously identified BET3 by its genetic interactions with BET1, a gene whose SNARE-like product acts in endoplasmic reticulum (ER)-to-Golgi transport. To gain insight into the function of Bet3p, we added three c-myc tags to its C-terminus and immunopurified this protein from a clarified detergent extract. Here we report that Bet3p is a member of a(More)
For cells of the innate immune system to mount a host defence response to infection, they must recognize products of microbial pathogens such as lipopolysaccharide (LPS), the endotoxin secreted by Gram-negative bacteria. These cellular responses require intracellular signalling pathways, such as the four MAP kinase (MAPK) pathways. In mammalian cells the(More)
Tumor necrosis factor receptor type 1 (TNF-R1) contains a cytoplasmic death domain that is required for the signaling of TNF activities such as apoptosis and nuclear factor kappa B (NF-kappaB) activation. Normally, these signals are generated only after TNF-induced receptor aggregation. However, TNF-R1 self-associates and signals independently of ligand(More)
Breast cancer cell lines provide a useful starting point for the discovery and functional analysis of genes involved in breast cancer. Here, we studied 38 established breast cancer cell lines by comparative genomic hybridization (CGH) to determine recurrent genetic alterations and the extent to which these cell lines resemble uncultured tumors. The(More)
Synaptobrevin-like membrane proteins that reside on transport vesicles, called the vesicle SNARE (v-SNARE), play a key role in ensuring that a vesicle targets and fuses with its correct acceptor compartment. Here we show that Bos1p, the v-SNARE of yeast endoplasmic reticulum-to-Golgi transport vesicles, pairs with another integral membrane protein of(More)
Conventional visual identification of epileptic spike is a challenging problem in the clinical application of magnetoencephalography (MEG). More importantly, the conventional method has problems of detecting other abnormalities such as high frequency oscillation in the human epileptic brain. The objective of this study was to develop a new approach using(More)
Local inflammation accounts for the progression of cerebral ischemic insult. Ginsenoside Rb1 (GRb1) is a natural product extracted from Panax ginseng C.A. Meyer. It has been reported to have beneficial effects in cerebral ischemia and to inhibit the inflammatory cascade in sepsis. In this study, to determine whether modulating local inflammation contributed(More)
Cell therapy is emerging as a viable therapy to restore neurological function after stroke. Many types of stem/progenitor cells from different sources have been explored for their feasibility and efficacy for the treatment of stroke. Transplanted cells not only have the potential to replace the lost circuitry, but also produce growth and trophic factors, or(More)
A recent report showed significant associations between several SNPs in a previously unknown EST cluster with schizophrenia. (1). The cluster was identified as the human dystrobrevin binding protein 1 gene (DTNBP1) by sequence database comparisons and homology with mouse DTNBP1. (2). However, the linkage disequilibrium (LD) among the SNPs in DTNBP1 as well(More)