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To investigate the effect of semantic congruity on audiovisual target responses, participants detected a semantic concept that was embedded in a series of rapidly presented stimuli. The target concept appeared as a picture, an environmental sound, or both; and in bimodal trials, the audiovisual events were either consistent or inconsistent in their… (More)
Microglial activation plays a pivotal role in the development and progression of neurodegenerative diseases. Thus, anti-inflammatory agents that control microglial activation can serve as potential therapeutic agents for neurodegenerative diseases. Here, we designed and synthesized α-galactosylceramide (α-GalCer) analogs to exert anti-inflammatory effects… (More)
We have demonstrated that stable Concanavalin A (Con A)-coated supramolecular nanofibers can be constructed by complexation of self-assembled mannose nanofibers with Con A. The extended multivalent Con A nanofibers bind strongly to T cell surfaces and promote T cell activation.
A series of experiments was conducted to examine conceptual priming within and across modalities with pictures and environmental sounds. In Experiment 1, we developed a new multimodal stimulus set consisting of two picture and sound exemplars that represented 80 object items. In Experiments 2, we investigated whether categorization of the stimulus items… (More)
—As total system bandwidth increased, memory industry has been imposed to satisfy its requirements. At last, innovative next generation memory named high bandwidth memory (HBM) with extremely fine micro-bump pitch of its bottom die is introduced for terabytes/s bandwidth graphics module. To establish HBM based graphics module, it becomes essential to… (More)
While encouraging progress has been made on switchable nanopores to mimic biological channels and pores, it remains a great challenge to realize long tubular pores with a dynamic open-closed motion. Here we report μm-long, dynamic tubular pores that undergo rapid switching between open and closed states in response to a thermal signal in water. The tubular… (More)