Yongjie Sheng

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A series of RNA-cleaving or DNA-cleaving DNAzymes have been obtained by in vitro selection. However, engineering an allosteric DNAzyme with dual RNA-cleaving and DNA-cleaving activities is very challenging. We used an in vitro-selected pistol-like (PL) DNAzyme as a DNA scaffold for designing a DNAzyme with dual catalytic activities. We prepared the(More)
The design of enzymes with enhanced stability and activity has long been a goal in protein engineering. We report a strategy to engineer an additional active site for human lysozyme, grafted the entire human lysozyme exon 2, which encodes the catalytically competent domain, into the gene at a position corresponding to an exposed loop region in the(More)
Biosensors have been widely investigated and utilized in a variety of fields ranging from environmental monitoring to clinical diagnostics. Glucose biosensors have triggered great interest and have been widely exploited since glucose determination is essential for diabetes diagnosis. In here, we designed a novel dual-enzyme biosensor composed of glucose(More)
Pistol-like DNAzyme (PLDz) is an oxidative DNA-cleaving catalytic DNA with ascorbic acid as cofactor. Herein, glutathione was induced into the reaction system to maintain reduced ascorbic acid levels for higher efficient cleavage. However, data indicated that glutathione played triple roles in PLDz-catalyzed reactions. Glutathione alone had no effect on(More)
Herein, we investigated the effects of new cofactors and inhibitors on an oxidative cleavage of DNA catalysis, known as a pistol-like DNAzyme (PLDz), to discuss its catalytic mechanism. PLDz performed its catalytic activity in the presence of ascorbic acid (AA), in which Cu2+ promoted, whereas Fe2+ significantly inhibited the catalytic function. Since(More)
The development of a simple sensor (9NL27-Zn) based on DNAzyme and PCR and aimed at the detection of low concentrations of zinc (II) ions is described. A specific Zn(II)-dependent DNAzyme (9NL27) with DNA-cleaving activity was employed. In the presence of zinc (II), the DNAzyme hydrolyzed DNA substrate into two pieces (5' and 3' fragments), forming(More)
Design and switch of catalytic activity in enzymology remains a subject of intense investigation. Here, we employ a DNAzyme-RNAzyme combination strategy for construction of a 10-23 deoxyribozyme-hammerhead ribozyme combination that targets different sites of the beta-lactamase mRNA. The 10-23 deoxyribozyme-hammerhead ribozyme combination gene was cloned(More)
With combinative functionalities as well as the improved activity and stability, the novel hybrid enzymes (HEs) from the heterogeneous enzymes of alpha-aspartyl dipeptidase (PepE, monomer) and l-aspartase (l-AspA, tetramer) were constructed successfully by gene random deletion strategy. The wild-type hybrid enzyme (WHE) and the evolved hybrid enzyme (EHE)(More)
Tuberculosis now exceeds HIV as the top infectious disease cause of mortality, and is caused by the Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex (MTBC). MTBC strains have highly conserved genome sequences (similarity >99%) but dramatically different phenotypes. To analyze the relationship between genotype and phenotype, we conducted the comparative genomic analysis(More)
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