Learn More
BACKGROUND Pulmonary emphysema is characterized by loss of alveolar structures. We have found that bone marrow (BM) mesenchymal stem cell (MSC) transplantation ameliorates papain-induced pulmonary emphysema. However, the underlying mechanism is not completely understood. It has been shown that blocking the vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) signaling(More)
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a highly prevalent airway disease characterized by an abnormal inflammatory response of the lungs to noxious particles and gases. Cigarette smoking remains a major risk factor for COPD development; however, little is known about its effect on human airway smooth muscle cells (HASMCs). The aim of this study is(More)
PURPOSE Matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) 1, MMP2, MMP3 and MMP9 are important members of the MMP family. Recently, many studies have been carried out on the association between polymorphisms of MMP1-1607 1G/2G, MMP2-735 C/T, MMP2-1306 C/T, MMP3-1171 5A/6A and MMP9-1562 C/T and lung cancer risk. However the results of these studies remained inconclusive due to(More)
BACKGROUND IL-35 has been found to be involved in many inflammatory diseases in humans but its role in asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is not clear. The plasma level of IL-35 in patients with asthma and COPD needs to be measured. OBJECTIVE The aim of this study was to examine the plasma concentrations of IL-35 in newly diagnosed(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE Oxidative stress has long been recognized to play a role in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD); however, approaches for assessing oxidative stress are lacking. The objective of this study was to address the feasibility of measuring 8-oxo-7, 8-dihydro-2'-deoxyguanosine (8-OHdG) formation and human 8-oxoguanine DNA(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE It is not clear whether combination therapy with tiotropium plus formoterol has greater efficacy, without increasing the burden of adverse events, compared with tiotropium alone. This meta-analysis was performed to evaluate the differences in efficacy and adverse events associated with combination therapy compared with tiotropium(More)
Asthma is characterized by airway inflammation, mucus overproduction, airway hyperreactivity, and peribronchial fibrosis. Intelectin has been shown to be increased in airway epithelium of asthmatics. However, the role of intelectin in the pathogenesis of asthma is unknown. Airway epithelial cells can secrete chemokines such as monocyte chemotactic protein(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate the expression of inducible heme oxygenase (HO-1) gene in pulmonary artery smooth muscle cells (PASMCs) exposed to hypoxia, and the influence of carbon monoxide (CO) on the proliferation of PASMCs under hypoxic conditions. METHODS Primary culture of rat PASMCs were passed every 3 days, and the 3 - 5 passages were used. After(More)
A study was conducted in Xiangshan Bay, Ningbo, China, using red alga Gracilaria lichenoides to alleviate nutrient pollution in shrimp (Litopenaeus vannamei) and fish (Epinephelus awoara) culture ponds. Our results showed that G. lichenoides was efficient at absorbing inorganic nitrogen (IN) and inorganic phosphate (IP), and maintained a more stable(More)
BACKGROUND Equity is one of the major goals of China's recent health system reform. This study aimed to evaluate the equality of the distribution of health resources and health services between hospitals and primary care institutions. METHODS Data of this study were drawn from the China Health Statistical Year Books. We calculated Gini coefficients based(More)