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The p75 neurotrophin receptor (p75NTR) is a transmembrane protein that binds nerve growth factor (NGF) and has multiple functions in the nervous system where it is expressed widely during the developmental stages of life, although expression decreases dramatically by adulthood. Expression of p75NTR can increase in pathological states related to neural cell(More)
The present study has explored possible fast actions of corticosteroid hormones on activity of cardiovascular neurons of the rostral ventrolateral medulla. Experiments were conducted in 60 urethane-anesthetized, artificially ventilated adult rats. Extracellular recordings of unitary firings were made from the RVLM with multi- or single-barreled(More)
  • Gavin A Schmidt, Max Kelley, Larissa Nazarenko, Reto Ruedy, Gary L Russell, Igor Aleinov +39 others
  • 2014
We present a description of the ModelE2 version of the Goddard Institute for Space Studies (GISS) General Circulation Model (GCM) and the configurations used in the simulations performed for the Coupled Model Intercomparison Project Phase 5 (CMIP5). We use six variations related to the treatment of the atmospheric composition, the calculation of aerosol(More)
The respiratory-related synaptic control of the airway-related preganglionic parasympathetic motoneurones (APPMs) has not been investigated, and whether differently targeted APPMs receive differential respiratory-related synaptic modulation is unknown. In this study, putative APPMs in the ventrolateral medulla of newborn rats were retrogradely traced with(More)
Electric vehicles using lithium-ion battery pack(s) for propulsion have recently attracted a great deal of interest. The large-scale practical application of battery electric vehicles may not be realized unless lithium-ion batteries with self-charging suppliers will be developed. Solar cells offer an attractive option for directly photo-charging lithium-ion(More)
AIM To study the synaptic mechanisms involved in the 5-hydroxytryptamine1A/7 (5-HT1A/7) receptor-mediated reflex control of cardiac vagal preganglionic neurons (CVPN). METHODS CVPN were retrogradely labeled and identified in brain stem slices of newborn rats, and their synaptic activity was examined using whole-cell patch-clamp. RESULTS(More)
Plasma endothelin-1 (ET-1) levels are elevated in spinal cord injury (SCI), and ET-1 may be involved in the pathophysiology of this condition. However, its effects on contractile function of the heart of SCI rats are still unknown. To define more clearly the possible role of ET-1 following SCI, we investigated the effect of ET-1 on the contraction, calcium(More)