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A new triterpenoid saponin was isolated from Pulsatilla cernua, along with eight known triterpenoids and triterpenoid glycosides. The new compound was identified as 3-O-beta-D-glucopyranosyl-(1-->4)-alpha-L-arabinopyranosyl-bayogenin-28-alpha-L-rhamnopyranosyl-(1-->4)-beta-D-glucopyranosyl-(1-->6)-beta-D-glucopyranosyl ester (1) on the basis of 1D, 2D-NMR(More)
Five alkenyl phenol and benzaldehyde derivatives, pestalols A-E (1-5), as well as seven known compounds (6-12), were isolated from endophytic fungus Pestalotiopsis sp. AcBC2 derived from the Chinese mangrove plant Aegiceras corniculatum. Their structures were determined by spectroscopic analyses. Compounds 2 and 3 showed cytotoxicity against a panel of 10(More)
A novel spiro-lanostane (abiesatrine A, 1) was isolated from the aerial parts of Abies georgei together with 9 new (abiesatrines B-J, 2-10) and 10 known triterpenes (11-20). The new structures were established by the extensive analysis of their spectroscopic data. The configuration of 1, featuring a unique spirolactone formed by C-13 and C-23 via(More)
Twenty-five new (abiesadines A-Y, 1-25) and 29 known (26-54) diterpenes were isolated from the aerial parts of Abies georgei. Abiesadine A (1) is a novel 8,14-seco-abietane, while abiesadine B (2) is a novel 9,10-seco-abietane. The structures of the new compounds were established on the basis of spectroscopic data analysis. Manool (52) showed the strongest(More)
This study describes actinobacteria isolated from the marine sponge Haliclona sp. collected in shallow water of the South China Sea. A total of 54 actinobacteria were isolated using media selective for actinobacteria. Species diversity and natural product diversity of isolates from marine sponge Haliclona sp. were analysed. Twenty-four isolates were(More)
As a generalized form of nonconvulsive status epilepticus (NCSE), absence status epilepticus is the most common form. It manifests as prolonged, confusional states of varying severity, and continuous or repetitive generalized discharges of spikes, multiple spikes, and slow waves on EEG. Jeavons syndrome (JS) is a new type of epilepsy syndrome. Hitherto,(More)
PURPOSE To investigate the blood oxygenation level-dependent (BOLD) signal changes correlated with ictal and interictal epileptic discharges using electroencephalography-correlated functional magnetic resonance imaging (EEG-fMRI) in patients with eyelid myoclonia with absences (EMA) and then to explore the pathophysiological mechanisms of epileptic(More)
Diketopiperazines (DKPs), which are cyclic dipeptides, have been detected in a variety of natural resources. Recently, the interest in these compounds increased significantly because of their remarkable bioactivity. This review deals with the chemical structures, biosynthetic pathways, and biological activities of DKPs from marine microorganisms, sponges,(More)
OBJECTIVE To quantitatively analyze trajectory of movement in automatisms with temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE) and frontal lobe epilepsy (FLE). METHODS Twenty markers were attached to chosen body parts of patients, and 10 videos of seizures were recorded. The obtained videos were converted into digital matrices. Motor trajectories were established, the(More)
UNLABELLED Chronic infection of hepatitis B virus (HBV) is closely associated with the development of human hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). HBV X protein (HBx) plays a key role in the progression of HCC. We recently found that amplified in breast cancer 1 (AIB1) protein is overexpressed in 68% of human HCC specimens and promotes HCC progression by enhancing(More)