Yongen Chang

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Sun K, Chang Y, Reed NI, Sheppard D. -Smooth muscle actin is an inconsistent marker of fibroblasts responsible for force-dependent transforming growth factor (TGF ) activation or collagen production across multiple models of organ fibrosis. Am J Physiol Lung Cell Mol Physiol 310: L824–L836, 2016. First published March 4, 2016;(More)
INTRODUCTION Reversible posterior leukoencephalopathy syndrome (RPLS) is a rare disorder characterized by altered mental status, seizure, hypertension, and symmetrical white matter edema (leukoencephalopathy) typically in the posterior cerebral hemispheres on brain imaging. It is often linked to certain medication use, in particular, chemotherapeutic(More)
Fibrosis is a common pathological sequela of tissue injury or inflammation, and is a major cause of organ failure. Subsets of fibroblasts contribute to tissue fibrosis in multiple ways, including generating contractile force to activate integrin-bound, latent TGFβ and secreting excess amounts of collagens and other extracellular matrix proteins (ECM) that(More)
In the management of patients with chronic kidney diseases (CKD), a low-protein diet usually refers to a diet with protein intake of 0.6 to 0.8 grams per kilogram of body weight per day (g/kg/day) and should include at least 50% high-biologic-value protein. It may be supplemented with essential acids or nitrogen-free ketoanalogues if <0.6 g/kg/d.(More)
Foreign body-induced granuloma is an uncommon yet clinically significant cause of hypercalcemia. The molecular mechanisms are uncertain, although extrarenal calcitriol production has been proposed. We describe severe hypercalcemia associated with increased levels of plasma calcitriol in a patient with HIV and local granulomatous reaction 5 years after(More)
Activated fibroblasts are deemed the main executors of organ fibrosis. However, regulation of the pathologic functions of these cells in vivo is poorly understood. PDGF receptor β (PDGFRβ) is highly expressed in activated pericytes, a main source of fibroblasts. Studies using a PDGFRβ promoter-driven Cre system to delete αv integrins in activated(More)
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