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Studying electron transport (ET) through proteins is hampered by achieving reproducible experimental configurations, particularly electronic contacts to the proteins. The transmembrane protein bacteriorhodopsin (bR), a natural light-activated proton pump in purple membranes of Halobacterium salinarum, is well studied for biomolecular electronics because of(More)
Engineering compact imaging probes with highly integrated modalities is a key focus in bionanotechnology and will have profound impact on molecular diagnostics, imaging and therapeutics. However, combining multiple components on a nanometre scale to create new imaging modalities unavailable from individual components has proven to be challenging. In this(More)
Gold nanoshells (AuNSs) with tunable localized surface plasmon resonance (LSPR) peaks in the near-infrared (NIR) region possess unique optical properties-particularly that soft tissues are "transparent" at these wavelengths-making them of great interest in cancer diagnosis and treatment. Since 1998 when Halas and co-workers invented the first generation of(More)
Combining multiple discrete components into a single multifunctional nanoparticle could be useful in a variety of applications. Retaining the unique optical and electrical properties of each component after nanoscale integration is, however, a long-standing problem. It is particularly difficult when trying to combine fluorophores such as semiconductor(More)
Drug delivery with precise spatial and temporal control is of broad current interest in biology and medicine. Despite recent advances achieved by combining drugs or drug carriers with NIR light responsive plasmonic nanomaterials, existing technologies are not capable of preventing drug leakage or degradation. We report a new class of monodisperse gold(More)
The conformational changes of bovine heart cytochrome c (cyt c) induced by the adsorption on gold nanoparticles with different sizes have been investigated by electronic absorption, circular dichroism (CD), and Fourier transform infrared spectra. The combination of these techniques can give complementary information about adsorption-induced conformational(More)
In situ probing protein-particle interactions and activities of proteins on colloidal nanoparticle (NP) surfaces is a long-standing key challenge in understanding the nanobio interfaces and virtually important for a variety of biological and biomedical applications. The interactions of NPs with proteins, for instance, are known to form NP bioconjugates or(More)
Electrochemically synthesized conducting polymer polypyrrole (PPy) film on gold electrode surface was used as a novel support for bilayer lipid membranes (BLMs). Investigations by surface plasmon resonance (SPR) suggest that dimyristoyl-L-alpha-phosphatidylcholine (DMPC) and dimyristoyl-L-alpha-phosphatidyl-L-serine (DMPS) can form BLMs on PPy film surface(More)