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The γδ T cells serve as early immune defense against certain encountered microbes. Only a few γδ T cell-recognized ligands from microbial antigens have been identified so far and the mechanisms by which γδ T cells recognize these ligands remain unknown. Here we explored the mechanism of interaction of human γδ T cells in peripheral blood with Lipid A (LA).(More)
Cardiac fibrosis, as a pathological process, plays an important role in various cardiac diseases. microRNA-155 (miR-155) is one of the most important miRNAs, and previous studies have shown that it is a regulatory factor in various fibrotic diseases. However, the mechanism by which miR-155 affects myocardial fibrosis remains unclear. In this study, we aim(More)
Autophagy participates in plaque formation and progression; however, its association with foam cells’ fate is unknown. To investigate autophagy features and its effect on the fate of different-stage macrophage foam cells (FCs). Different-stage FCs were obtained through incubation of THP-1 macrophages (THP-M) with oxidized low-density lipoprotein LDL (oxLDL,(More)
Traditionally, the materials which are regarded as antigens recognized by gammadelta T lymphocytes are protein and carbohydrate, not nucleic acid or lipid. Recently, it has been demonstrated that gammadelta T cells can recognize lipid A and directly induce immune responses that involve CD1 (cluster of differentiation type 1) family and Toll like receptors(More)
In the present study, PC12 cells induced by 6-hydroxydopamine as a model of Parkinson's Disease, were used to investigate the protective effects of bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells against 6-hydroxydopamine-induced neurotoxicity and to verify whether the mechanism of action relates to abnormal α-synuclein(More)
The miniature pig is an optimal animal model for studying nervous system disease because of its physiologic and pathologic features. However, the rete mirabile composed of arteries and veins at the skull base limits their application as a model of ischemic stroke by middle cerebral artery occlusion. The present study investigated the possibility of(More)
miR-155 is one of the most important miRNAs and plays a very important role in numerous biological processes. However, few studies have characterized this miRNA in mice under normal physiological conditions. We aimed to characterize miR-155 in vivo by using a comparative analysis. In our study, we compared miR-155 knockout (KO) mice with C57BL/6 wild type(More)
Traditionally, the materials which are regarded as antigens recognized by γδ T lymphocytes are protein and carbohydrate, not nucleic acid or lipid. Recently, it has been demonstrated that γδ T cells can recognize lipid A and directly induce immune responses that involve CD1 (cluster of differentiation type 1) family and Toll like receptors (TLRs). This is a(More)
OBJECTIVE Existing simulators for off-pump coronary artery (CA) bypass grafting training are unable to provide cardiac surgery residents all necessary skills they need entering the operation room. In this study, we introduced a secure and high-fidelity live animal model to supplement the in vitro simulators for off-pump CA bypass grafting training. DESIGN(More)
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