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Lead-induced oxidative stress was generated in mice under lead exposure, and the antioxidant activity of chitosan (CS) and its water-soluble derivatives was compared in vivo. The results indicated that there was significant difference (P<0.05) for the biochemical variables of lead-treated groups. After lead exposure, the contents of reduced glutathione(More)
Study of retina specific genes would offer insights into retinal diseases and treatment. Based on the information from the gene expression profiles of mouse retinas, we here identified a mitochondria-localized glutamic acid-rich protein (MGARP/OSAP) as one of the highly expressed proteins in retina. Sequence analysis revealed that mouse and rat MGARPs have(More)
The effects of carbohydrates on the toxicity of p-Aminophenyl arsenoxide (p-APAO) against S. cerevisiae were investigated by Microcalorimetry, including glucose, fructose, lactose, sucrose, N-acetyl glucosamine, 1,3,4,6-tetra-O-acetyl-D-glucosamine (OADG), and chito-oligomer. The toxicity of p-APAO on S. cerevisiae decreased in the presence of OADG or(More)
Two hydroxypropyl chitosan HPCS samples (HPCS1 Mw 1.6 × 10(5), HPCS2 Mw 3.5 × 10(4)) were prepared by the reaction of chitosan with propylene oxide under alkali conditions. The median lethal dose of the hydroxypropyl chitosan was greater than 10 g/kg for the laboratory mice. HPCS1 at the 0.1%, 1.0%, 1.5% and HPCS2 at the 1.0% level in diets were used to(More)
PKZ, protein kinase containing Z-DNA domains, is a novel member of the vertebrate eIF2α kinase family. Containing a catalytic domain in C-terminus and two Z-DNA binding domains (Zα1 and Zα2) in N-terminus, PKZ can be activated through the binding of Zα to Z-DNA. However, the regulatory function of PKZ Zα remains to be established. Here, to understand the(More)
Escherichia coli was selected as the sample to study the toxicity of arsenite in the presence of saccharides. The effect of glucosamine, N-acetylglucosamine, glucose, lactose, sucrose, glucosamine and cyclodextrin on the toxicity of arsenite against E. coli was investigated by microcalorimetry. The glucosamine and the tested chitooligomer decreased the(More)
PKZ (PKR-like) was discovered as a member of elF2α kinase family in fish, which possesses a conserved catalytic domain of an eIF2α kinase in C-terminal and also two Z-DNA-binding domains (Zα1 and Zα2) in N-terminal. PKZ can be activated through binding of Zα to Z-DNA. However, the regulatory function of PKZ Zα still remains unclear. To investigate a(More)
A mobile GIS for field data collection is a system which can facilitate the entire process from indoor preparation, data collection, to data processing. It is a combination of positioning and wireless communication technologies. The paper aims to demonstrate how to design and implement such a mobile GIS. Data of the system consist of three parts: background(More)
Pseudomonas stutzeri strain 1317 was found to grow on various fatty acids, alcohols, diols, as well as glucose and gluconate for the synthesis of polyhydroxyalkanoates (PHA) with various monomer units. The PHA monomer structures were dependent on the type of fatty acids and alcohols, as well as the diols in the culture media. Only even number monomers, such(More)
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