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Wnt/beta-catenin signaling plays a central role in development and is also involved in a diverse array of diseases. Binding of Wnts to the coreceptors Frizzled and LRP6/5 leads to phosphorylation of PPPSPxS motifs in the LRP6/5 intracellular region and the inhibition of GSK3beta bound to the scaffold protein Axin. However, it remains unknown how GSK3beta is(More)
GlnK is a recently discovered homologue of the PII signal protein, an indicator of the nitrogen status of bacteria. PII occupies a central position in the dual cascade that regulates the activity of glutamine synthetase and the transcription of its gene. The complete role of Escherichia coli GlnK is yet to be determined, but already it is known that GlnK(More)
Tripartite efflux pumps found in Gram-negative bacteria are involved in antibiotic resistance and toxic-protein secretion. In this study, we show, using site-directed mutational analyses, that the conserved residues located in the tip region of the alpha-hairpin of the membrane fusion protein (MFP) AcrA play an essential role in the action of the tripartite(More)
The tripartite efflux pump MacAB-TolC found in gram-negative bacteria is involved in resistance to antibiotics. We previously reported the funnel-like hexameric structure of the adaptor protein MacA to be physiologically relevant. In this study, we investigated the role of the tip region of its alpha-hairpin, which forms a cogwheel structure in the(More)
Lysozymes are an important component of the innate immune system of animals that hydrolyze peptidoglycan, the major bacterial cell wall constituent. Many bacteria have contrived various means of dealing with this bactericidal enzyme, one of which is to produce lysozyme inhibitors. Recently, a novel family of bacterial lysozyme inhibitors was identified in(More)
Cdc25A phosphatase, which is essential in cell cycle progression, is degraded by the proteasome throughout interphase and in response to genotoxic stress. Phosphorylation of Cdc25A on Ser82 in the DSG motif is important in the recognition by β-TrCP, resulting in targeting of Cdc25A for ubiquitination. Chk1 is known to phosphorylate Cdc25A on Ser76, and(More)
Gram-negative bacteria expel diverse toxic chemicals through the tripartite efflux pumps spanning both the inner and outer membranes. The Escherichia coli AcrAB-TolC pump is the principal multidrug exporter that confers intrinsic drug tolerance to the bacteria. The inner membrane transporter AcrB requires the outer membrane factor TolC and the periplasmic(More)
OBJECTIVE To explore use of interleukin-10 receptor (IL-10R) gene mutation in diagnosis and pathogenesis of neonatal inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) in 2 suspected cases. METHOD Two cases of sibling brothers who had suspected IBD from Guangzhou Women and Children's Medical Center Affiliated to Guangzhou Medical University during the year 2010-2014 were(More)
Differentially from other kinds of Ras, oncogenic K-Ras, which is mutated approximately 30% of human cancer, does not induce apoptosis and senescence. Here, we provide the evidence that oncogenic K-Ras abrogates p53 function and expression through induction of Ataxia telangiectasia-mutated and Rad3-related mediated Snail stabilization. Snail directly binds(More)
Both analytical and preparative high-speed counter-current chromatography (HSCCC) were used to isolate and separate chemical bioactive constituents from the seeds of Millettia pachycarpa Benth, a famous traditional Chinese medicine. Three rotenoids and one isoflavone were successfully purified for the first time by HSCCC with a two-phase solvent system(More)