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PURPOSE This study was conducted to examine effects of nitric oxide (NO) donors on bladder hyperactivity induced by cyclophosphamide (CYP)-induced cystitis. MATERIALS AND METHODS Female Sprague-Dawley rats received a single intraperitoneal injection of CYP (100 mg./kg.), and then their micturition pattern including mean micturition volume and the number(More)
The effects of ZD6169, a new ATP-sensitive potassium channel opener, on reflex urinary bladder activity were evaluated in urethane-anesthetized female Wistar rats. Continuous transvesical slow infusion cystometrograms (0.04 ml/min) were performed in untreated, capsaicin-pretreated (125 mg/kg s.c., 4 days before experiments) and capsaicin vehicle-pretreated(More)
Effects of a muscarinic receptor agonist oxotremorine-M (oxo-M) on bladder afferent nerve (BAN) activity were studied in an in vitro bladder-pelvic nerve preparation. Distension of the bladder induced rhythmic bladder contractions that were accompanied by multiunit afferent firing. Intravesical administration of 25 and 50 μM oxo-M significantly increased(More)
PURPOSE Interstitial cystitis, a chronic disease of the bladder, is characterized by urinary frequency, urgency and suprapubic pain. Nerve growth factor is a substance that may sensitize afferent nerves and induce bladder hyperactivity. It is often increased in the urine of patients with interstitial cystitis. We evaluated the role of Adelta and C fiber(More)
The afferent limb of the vesicovascular reflex (VV-R) evoked by distension or contraction of the urinary bladder (UB) was studied in urethane-anesthetized female rats by examining the changes in VV-R after administration of C-fiber afferent neurotoxins [capsaicin and resiniferatoxin (RTX)]. Systemic arterial blood pressure increased parallel (5.1 to 53.7(More)
The effects of oral administration of ZD6169, a potassium channel opener, on neurally mediated plasma extravasation in the urinary bladder and urethra were examined in urethane-anesthetized rats. Plasma extravasation was evaluated by measuring the tissue concentration of Evans blue, administered intravenously (50 mg/kg) 15 min prior to removal of tissues.(More)
Effects of purinergic agonists (alpha,beta-meATP and ATP) and cyclophosphamide-induced cystitis on bladder afferent nerve (BAN) activity were studied in an in vitro bladder-pelvic nerve preparation. Distension of the bladder induced spontaneous bladder contractions that were accompanied by multiunit afferent firing. Intravesical administration of 40 and 130(More)
Cystometrographic recording and immunocytochemical techniques were used to examine the effects of ZD6169, an ATP-sensitive K+-channel opener, and capsaicin, an afferent neurotoxin, on urinary bladder hyperactivity and immediate early gene expression in the spinal cord induced by acetic acid (0.25%) irritation of the bladder. Chemical irritation of the(More)
Effects of a nitric oxide (NO) donor (SNAP), NO substrate (l-arginine), and NO synthase inhibitor (l-NAME) on bladder afferent nerve (BAN) activity were studied in an in vitro bladder-pelvic nerve preparation from untreated or cyclophosphamide (CYP) treated rats. Distension of the bladder induced phasic bladder contractions (PBC) that were accompanied by(More)
Effects of nicotinic receptor agonists (epibatidine and nicotine) on mechano-sensitive bladder afferent nerve (MS-BAN) activity were studied in an in vitro bladder-pelvic afferent nerve preparation. MS-BAN activity was induced by isotonic distention of the bladder at pressures of 10-40 cmH2O. The effect of epibatidine varied according to the concentration,(More)
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