Yong soon Hwang

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OBJECTIVE In the present study, authors retrospectively reviewed the clinical outcomes of halo-vest immobilization (HVI) versus surgical fixation in patients with odontoid fracture after either non-surgical treatment (HVI) or with surgical fixation. METHODS From April 1997 to December 2008, we treated a total of 60 patients with upper cervical spine(More)
A ventricular diverticulum is usually found in patients with long-standing severe obstructive hydrocephalus that may extend into the supracerebellar cistern. The route involved in the supracerebellar extension of the ventricular diverticulum is believed to originate through the tela choroidea of the temporal choroid plexus or of the antral choroid plexus.(More)
We evaluated the long-term outcome of vagus nerve stimulation (VNS) in 28 children with refractory epilepsy. Of these 28 children, 15 (53.6%) showed a >50% reduction in seizure frequency and 9 (32.1%) had a >75% reduction. When we compared seizure reduction rates according to seizure types (generalized vs. partial) and etiologies (symptomatic vs.(More)
PURPOSE Upper cervical fractures can heal with conservative treatments such as halo-vest immobilization (HVI) and Minerva jackets without surgery. The most rigid of these, HVI, remains the most frequently used treatment in many centers despite its relatively high frequency of orthosis-related complications. We conducted this study to investigate the(More)
A relatively rare condition of ossified chronic subdural hematoma (SDH) mimicking cerebral stroke is presented. A 67-year-old man presented with headache, dysphasia, and left-sided hemiparesis. Routine skull x-ray showed a huge calcification extending from the frontal to the parietal regions in the right side. CT and MRI scan revealed a huge ossified SDH(More)
OBJECTIVE There are a few reports on the complications of surgery for epilepsy. We surveyed our data to present complications of epilepsy surgeries from the neurosurgeon's point of view and compare our results with other previous reports. METHODS A total of 179 surgical procedures for intractable epilepsy (41 diagnostic, 138 therapeutic) were performed in(More)
PURPOSE To compare the efficacy of corpus callosotomy and vagus nerve stimulation (VNS) for long-term adjunctive therapy in children with Lennox-Gastaut syndrome (LGS). METHOD Fourteen patients underwent a total corpus callosotomy and 10 patients received VNS implantation. The patients were monitored for more than 12 months after treatment, and seizure(More)
OBJECTIVE Intracranial aneurysms are sometimes presented with visual symptoms by their rupture or direct compression of the optic nerve. It is because their prevalent sites are anatomically located close to the optic pathway. Anterior communicating artery is especially located in close proximity to optic nerve. Aneurysm arising in this area can produce(More)
The aim of this study was to reveal the clinical and encephalographic (EEG) features of infantile spasms (IS) with malformations of cortical development (MCDs). The clinical features, EEG findings, neuroimaging studies and outcomes of various therapeutic modalities for 27 patients with IS and MCDs were reviewed. Background activities of EEG on the MCDs,(More)
Methylprednisolone(MP), a glucocorticoid steroid, has an anti-inflammatory action and seems to inhibit the formation of oxygen free radicals produced during lipid peroxidation in a spinal cord injury(SCI). However, the effects of MP on the functional recovery after a SCI is controversial. The present study was conducted to determine the effects of MP on the(More)