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XA21 is a receptor-like kinase protein in rice (Oryza sativa) that confers gene-for-gene resistance to specific races of the causal agent of bacterial blight disease, Xanthomonas oryzae pv oryzae. We identified XA21 binding protein 3 (XB3), an E3 ubiquitin ligase, as a substrate for the XA21 Ser and Thr kinase. The interaction between XB3 and the kinase(More)
Ginsenoside Rg1 has been reported to improve cognitive function in many memory-impaired animal models. However, little is known about the bioactivity of its metabolites in the central nervous system in vivo. In the present study, we employed the step through test and electrophysiological approach to investigate the effects of ginsenoside Rg1's primary(More)
Hyperlipidemia plays a crucial role in the development and progression of coronary artery disease (CAD). Recent studies have identified that microRNAs (miRNAs) are important regulators of lipid metabolism, but little is known about the circulating levels of lipometabolism-related miRNAs and their relationship with the presence of CAD in patients with(More)
Human alpha-defensin-1 (HNP1), a small antimicrobial peptide, shows cytotoxicity to tumor cells in vitro and inhibitory activity for pathologic neovascularization in vivo. Here, we did a gene therapy with a plasmid that expresses a secretable form of HNP1 for assaying its antitumor activity. The expression and secretion of HNP1 were determined by reverse(More)
The critical role of phosphoinositide 3-kinase gamma (PI3Kgamma) in inflammatory cell activation and recruitment makes it an attractive target for immunomodulatory therapy. 5-Quinoxilin-6-methylene-1,3-thiazolidine-2,4-dione (AS605240), a potent PI3Kgamma inhibitor, has been reported to ameliorate chronic inflammatory disorders including rheumatoid(More)
Radiation pneumonitis (RP) is an important dose-limiting toxicity during thoracic radiotherapy. Previous investigations have shown that curcumin is used for the treatment of inflammatory conditions and cancer, suggesting that curcumin may prevent RP and sensitize cancer cells to irradiation. However, the clinical advancement of curcumin is limited by its(More)
—Image segmentation is one of the key techniques in the field of image understanding and computer vision. To determine the optimal threshold in image segmentation, an effective image threshold segmentation method based on fuzzy logic is presented. A new kind of fuzzy entropy is defined, that is not only related to the membership, but also related to(More)
Combination of immunotherapy and chemotherapy has shown promise for cancer. Interleukin-7 (IL-7) can potentially enhance immune responses against tumor, while oxaliplatin (OXP), a platinum-based drug, can promote a favorable immune microenvironment and stimulate anticancer immune responses. We evaluated the anti-tumor activity of IL-7 combining OXP against(More)
Visfatin, a pro-inflammatory cytokine predominantly released from leucocytes, is correlated with coronary artery disease (CAD). We have previously reported that the −1535C>T polymorphism (rs1330082), which located on the promoter region of visfatin, was associated with decreased risk of CAD. Here, we investigated the underlying mechanism by which this(More)
Although the 2009 American Joint Committee on Cancer incorporated the internal mammary sentinel lymph node biopsy (IM-SLNB) concept, there has been little change in surgical practice patterns due to the low visualization rate of internal mammary sentinel lymph nodes with the traditional injection technique. Meanwhile, as internal mammary lymph nodes (IMLN)(More)