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BACKGROUND Epithelial to mesenchymal transition (EMT) occurs during cancer cell invasion and malignant metastasis. Features of EMT include spindle-like cell morphology, loss of epithelial cellular markers and gain of mesenchymal phenotype. Activation of the RON receptor tyrosine kinase by macrophage-stimulating protein (MSP) has been implicated in cellular(More)
Gene transfer of glial cell line-derived neurotrophic factor (GDNF) in rodent models of Parkinson's disease (PD) has been shown to protect against neurodegeneration either prior to or immediately after neurotoxin-induced lesions; however, the nigrostriatal pathway was largely intact when gene delivery was completed in these models, which may not accurately(More)
BACKGROUND Overexpression of the RON receptor tyrosine kinase contributes to epithelial cell transformation, malignant progression, and acquired drug resistance. RON also has been considered as a potential target for therapeutic intervention. This study determines biochemical features and inhibitory activity of a mouse monoclonal antibody (mAb) Zt/f2 in(More)
BACKGROUND Activation of the RON receptor tyrosine kinase, a member of the c-MET family, regulates tumorigenic phenotypes. The RON extracellular domains are critical in regulating these activities. The objective of this study was to determine the role of the first IPT domain in regulating RON-mediated tumorigenic activities and the underlying mechanisms. (More)
Products of proto-oncogenes c-MET and RON belong to a subfamily of receptor tyrosine kinases that contribute significantly to tumorigenic progression. In primary tumors, altered c-MET/RON expression transduces signals regulating invasive growth that is characterized by cell migration and matrix invasion. These pathogenic features provide the basis for(More)
The receptor tyrosine kinase RON (recepteur d'origine nantais), a member of the MET proto-oncogene family, has been implicated in the pathogenesis of certain epithelial cancers including lung adenocarcinomas. To determine the oncogenic potential of RON, transgenic mice were generated using the surfactant protein C promoter to express human wild-type RON in(More)
The RON receptor tyrosine kinase, a member of the MET proto-oncogene family, is a pathogenic factor implicated in tumor malignancy. Specifically, aberrations in RON signaling result in increased cancer cell growth, survival, invasion, angiogenesis, and drug resistance. Biochemical events such as ligand binding, receptor overexpression, generation of(More)
Epithelial growth factor (EGF) and basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF), and their receptors, epithelial growth factor receptor (EGFR) and bFGF receptor (bFGFR), are frequently overexpressed in high-grade gliomas. In the present study, the EGF and bFGF levels in U251 glioblastoma cell culture supernatants were determined by ELISA, and enhanced green(More)
RON is a receptor tyrosine kinase activated by macrophage-stimulating protein. We demonstrate here that RON activation inhibits LPS-induced apoptosis of mouse peritoneal macrophages and Raw264.7 cells expressing RON or a constitutively active RON mutant. The antiapoptotic effect of RON was accompanied with the inhibition of LPS-induced production of nitric(More)
BACKGROUND Aberrant expression of the RON receptor tyrosine kinase, a member of the MET proto-oncogene family, in breast cancer and non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) has therapeutic implication. Here we evaluated the efficacy of a novel anti-RON antibody-drug maytansinoid conjugate Zt/g4-DM1 for treatment of breast and NSCLC xenograft tumors in mouse(More)