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Status epilepticus (SE) can cause severe neuronal loss and oxidative damage. As peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (PPARgamma) agonists possess antioxidative activity, we hypothesize that rosiglitazone, a PPARgamma agonist, might protect the central nervous system (CNS) from oxidative damage in epileptic rats. Using a(More)
The axonal-myelin sheath interface of vertebrate myelinated axons possesses special structural complexities, and there may be an intercellular macromolecular traffic transversing the periaxonal cleft that spans the internodal axon. By conventional electron microscopy and serial sectioning, we observed a category of double-walled vesicles at the(More)
The localization of calbindin-D28K (CB) was studied immunocytochemically in laminae I and II of the dorsal horn and in spinal ganglia in the chicken, and compared with the distribution of substance P (SP) using double immunolabeling. At the light microscopic level, CB immunoreactivity was observed most intensely in the lamina II using the(More)
Dense undercoating, microtubular fascicles and scattered polyribosomal clusters have until now been considered to be the three structural features of the initial segment, and were thought not to extend beyond the initial segment into the myelinated parts of the axon. The aim of the present study was to make clear whether there is a sudden change in(More)
We used immunohistochemical methods to examine the distribution of the calcium channel alpha2 (CCalpha2) subunit in the chicken spinal cord and dorsal root ganglion (DRG) neurons and determine its relationship with calbindin-D28k (CB) in the DRG neurons. In the spinal cord, CCalpha2 subunit was detected in nerve terminals, which were observed as dot-like(More)
Mast cells are known to be involved in type I allergy and to be localized in almost all tissues in the body. However, they have slightly different properties depending on their tissue of residence. Although mast cells are found in skeletal muscle tissue, there have been no reports of their appearance in cultured skeletal muscles. We report here that mast(More)
It was previously reported that cytokines and neurotoxins released from activated inflammatory cells induced the loss of projecting dopaminergic neurons in the substantia nigra, which triggered the pathogenesis of PD. The present study investigated the effect of treatment with tetramethylpyrazine (TMP) on the central cytokine synthesis, striatal dopamine(More)
Chemical kindling, as an experimental model of epileptogenesis, is induced by repetitive administration of subconvulsive amount of excitatory drugs. Kindled mice do not typically display spontaneous recurrent seizures, but are instead characterized by enhanced seizure susceptibility to convulsive stimulations. In order to provide insights into the aberrant(More)
INTRODUCTION Laparoscopic hilar cholangiocarcinoma is rarely performed because of its aggressive growth and complicated anatomy. The authors successfully performed single-incision laparoscopic resection of Bismuth I hilar cholangiocarcinoma in 2 cases. METHOD Two cases with Bismuth I cholangiocarcinoma were chosen for the laparoscopic surgery. Segmental(More)
The localization of the voltage-gated calcium channel (VGCC) alpha2 and the voltage-gated sodium channel (VGSC) alpha subunits was immunohistochemically investigated in chicken spinal motoneurons. Approximately 83% and 46% of spinal motoneurons were positive for VGCCalpha2 and VGSCalpha subunits, respectively. Almost all VGSCalpha subunit-positive(More)
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