Yong-ming Bao

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In this study, the neuroprotective effects of Alpinia protocatechuic acid (PCA), a phenolic compound isolated from the dried fruits of Alpinia Oxyphylla Miq. was found. The protective effect of Alpinia PCA against H2O2-induced oxidative damage on PC12 cells was investigated by measuring cell viability via 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium(More)
The neuroprotective effects of catalpol, an iridoid glycoside present in the roots of Rehmannia glutinosa, on 1-methyl-4-phenylpyridinium (MPP(+))-induced oxidative stress in cultured mesencephalic neurons, especially dopaminergic neurons, were investigated. Exposure of mesencephalic neurons to 10microM MPP(+) induced a leakage of lactate dehydrogenase(More)
A novel low mol wt inositol phosphoglycan inhibitor (M tau 1200-1500) of insulin action in rat adipocytes has been partially purified from normal human plasma. This inhibitor, termed fraction V after the first purification step and fraction V3 after the second, is different from other reported serum insulin antagonists. It contains myoinositol,(More)
Protocatechuic acid (PCA), a phenolic compound isolated from the kernels of Alpinia (A.) oxyphylla, showed the significant neuroprotective effects on hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) or MPP+-induced apoptosis in cultured PC12 cells. However, the mechanism how PCA suppresses rotenone-induced neurotoxicity in cultured PC12 cells remains unclear. In this study, we(More)
The neuroprotection of catalpol and its mechanism was evaluated in cerebral ischemic model in gerbils. Three groups were designed as sham-operated, ischemia-treated, respectively, with catalpol and saline. Catalpol was injected intraperitoneally immediately after reperfusion and repeatedly at 12, 24, 48 and 72 h with the dose of 5.0 mg/kg. The(More)
A glia-mediated inflammation plays an important role in the pathogenesis of Alzheimer's disease (AD). In vitro, besides a direct neurotoxic effect on neurons, Abeta activates glia to produce an array of inflammatory factors including tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha), reactive oxygen species (ROS), nitric oxide (NO) and inducible nitric oxide synthase(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the antioxidant activities of different chemical constituents from Astragalus mongholicus Bunge and their protection against xanthine (XA)/xanthine oxidase (XO)-induced toxicity in PC12 cells. METHODS The compounds of Astragalus mongholicus Bunge were isolated by chromatography and the structures were elucidated on the basis of(More)
Catalpol, an iridoid glycoside, contained richly in the roots of Rehmannia glutinosa, was found for the first time to be of neuroprotection in gerbils subjected to transient global cerebral ischemia. Catalpol (1 mg/kg ip) used immediately after reperfusion and repeatedly at 12, 24, 48 and 72 h significantly rescued neurons in hippocampal CA1 subfield and(More)
OBJECTIVE To further investigate the neuroprotective effects of five isoflavonoids from Astragalus mongholicus on xanthine (XA)/ xanthine oxidase (XO)-induced injury to PC12 cells. METHODS PC12 cells were damaged by XA/XO. The activities of antioxidant enzymes, MTT, LDH, and GSH assays were used to evaluate the protection of these five isoflavonoids.(More)
The neuroprotective effects of catalpol, an iridoid glycoside isolated from the fresh rehmannia roots, on the behavior and brain energy metabolism in senescent mice induced by d-galactose were assessed. Except control group, mice were subcutaneously injected with d-galactose (150 mg/kg body weight) for 6 weeks. From the fifth week, drug group mice were(More)