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The ability of bacteria to control the biophysical properties of their membrane phospholipids allows them to thrive in a wide range of physical environments. Bacteria precisely adjust their membrane lipid composition by modifying the types of fatty acids that are produced by the biosynthetic pathway and altering the structures of pre-existing phospholipids.(More)
Pantothenate kinase (PanK) is a rate-determining enzyme in coenzyme A (CoA) biosynthesis. The mouse murine pantothenate kinase (Pank1) gene consists of seven introns and eight exons and is located on chromosome 19 (19C2-3). Two biochemically distinct PanK1 protein isoforms, PanK1 alpha and PanK1 beta, are encoded by the Pank1 gene. Both proteins have the(More)
Coenzyme A (CoA) is a ubiquitous essential cofactor that plays a central role in the metabolism of carboxylic acids, including short- and long-chain fatty acids. In the last few years, all of the genes encoding the CoA biosynthetic enzymes have been identified and the structures of several proteins in the pathway have been determined. CoA is assembled in(More)
Unsaturated fatty acid biosynthesis is a vital facet of Escherichia coli physiology and requires the expression of two genes, fabA and fabB, in the type II fatty acid synthase system. This study links the FabR (YijC) transcription factor to the regulation of unsaturated fatty acid content through the regulation of fabB gene expression. The yijC (fabR) gene(More)
2,4-Dihydroxyquinoline (DHQ) is an abundant extracellular metabolite of the opportunistic pathogen Pseudomonas aeruginosa that is secreted into growth medium in stationary phase to concentrations comparable with those of the Pseudomonas quinolone signal. Using a combination of biochemical and genetic approaches, we show that PqsD, a condensing enzyme in the(More)
The key regulatory step in CoA biosynthesis in bacteria and mammals is pantothenate kinase (CoaA), which governs the intracellular concentration of CoA through feedback regulation by CoA and its thioesters. CoaA from Staphylococcus aureus (SaCoaA) has a distinct primary sequence that is more similar to the mammalian pantothenate kinases than the(More)
Effective management of potato 'Zebra Chip' (ZC) disease caused by Cadidatus Liberibacter psyllaurous (syn. solanacearum) depends on the management of its insect vector insect, potato psyllid, Bactericera cockerelli (Sulc) (Hemiptera: Psyllidae). To elucidate the age-specific population dynamics of B. cockerelli, the life-table parameters were determined on(More)
The type II fatty acid synthetic pathway is the principal route for the production of membrane phospholipid acyl chains in bacteria and plants. The reaction sequence is carried out by a series of individual soluble proteins that are each encoded by a discrete gene, and the pathway intermediates are shuttled between the enzymes as thioesters of an acyl(More)
Acyl carrier protein (ACP) performs the essential function of shuttling the intermediates between the enzymes that constitute the type II fatty acid synthase system. Mycobacterium tuberculosis is unique in producing extremely long mycolic acids, and tubercular ACP, AcpM, is also unique in possessing a longer carboxyl terminus than other ACPs. We determined(More)
Coenzyme A (CoA) biosynthesis is initiated by pantothenate kinase (PanK) and CoA levels are controlled through differential expression and feedback regulation of PanK isoforms. PanK2 is a mitochondrial protein in humans, but comparative genomics revealed that acquisition of a mitochondrial targeting signal was limited to primates. Human and mouse PanK2(More)