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Intuitively, higher intelligence might be assumed to correspond to more efficient information transfer in the brain, but no direct evidence has been reported from the perspective of brain networks. In this study, we performed extensive analyses to test the hypothesis that individual differences in intelligence are associated with brain structural(More)
RATIONALE Anatomical studies have shown that the paraventricular nucleus of the thalamus (PVT) innervates areas of the forebrain involved in the expression and regulation of emotional behaviors including fear and anxiety. In addition, the PVT is densely innervated by fibers containing orexin-A (OXA) and orexin-B (OXB), peptides that are well-known for their(More)
Previous studies have implicated the bed nucleus of the stria terminalis, central nucleus of the amygdala and the shell of the nucleus accumbens (collectively called the extended amygdala) as playing an important role in mediating the aversive emotion associated with opioid withdrawal. The paraventricular nucleus of the thalamus (PVT) provides a very dense(More)
The paraventricular nucleus of the midline thalamus (PVT) innervates areas of the extended amygdala known to play a key role in the expression of emotional behaviors. In this study, microinjections of orexins (hypocretins), which have excitatory actions on neurons in the PVT, in the midline thalamus were used to investigate if the PVT modulates the(More)
The paraventricular nucleus of the thalamus (PVT) has generated interest because of its strong projections to areas of the brain associated with the regulation of emotional behaviors. The posterior aspect of the PVT (pPVT) is notable for its projection to the central nucleus of the amygdala which is essential for the expression of a conditioned fear(More)
Although there is increasing evidence suggesting that there may be subtle abnormalities in idiopathic generalized epilepsy (IGE) patients using modern neuroimaging techniques, most of these previous studies focused on the brain grey matter, leaving the underlying white matter abnormalities in IGE largely unknown, which baffles the treatment as well as the(More)
The topological architecture of the cerebral anatomical network reflects the structural organization of the human brain. Recently, topological measures based on graph theory have provided new approaches for quantifying large-scale anatomical networks. Diffusion MRI studies have revealed the efficient small-world properties and modular structure of the(More)
The mixed-lineage leukemia (MLL)-AF4 fusion protein encoded by the chromosomal translocation t(4;11) predicts a poorer prognosis in acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) than in other MLL-associated leukemias. However, the detailed mechanism underlying regulation of MLL-AF4 expression remains largely unknown. In this study, we showed that microRNA (miR)-142-3p(More)
Orexins are found to participate in mediating stress-induced drug relapse. However, the neuroanatomical basis that orexin transmission modulates stress-induced drug seeking remains unknown. The nucleus accumbens shell (NAcSh), best known for its role in appetitive and negative motivation via dopamine receptors, is likely to be the potential important brain(More)
5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT) is involved in the stress-induced alteration of colonic functions, specifically motility and secretion, but its precise mechanisms of regulation remain unclear. In the present study, we have investigated the effects of 5-HT on rat colonic mucosal secretion after acute water immersion restraint stress, as well as the underlying(More)