Yong-hong Liao

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Because it lacks a lymphatic circulation, the brain must clear extracellular proteins by an alternative mechanism. The cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) functions as a sink for brain extracellular solutes, but it is not clear how solutes from the brain interstitium move from the parenchyma to the CSF. We demonstrate that a substantial portion of subarachnoid CSF(More)
The conservation of sleep across all animal species suggests that sleep serves a vital function. We here report that sleep has a critical function in ensuring metabolic homeostasis. Using real-time assessments of tetramethylammonium diffusion and two-photon imaging in live mice, we show that natural sleep or anesthesia are associated with a 60% increase in(More)
CSF from the subarachnoid space moves rapidly into the brain along paravascular routes surrounding penetrating cerebral arteries, exchanging with brain interstitial fluid (ISF) and facilitating the clearance of interstitial solutes, such as amyloid β, in a pathway that we have termed the "glymphatic" system. Prior reports have suggested that paravascular(More)
Hyaluronic acid (HA), is a polyanionic polysaccharide that consists of N-acetyl-D-glucosamine and beta-glucoronic acid. It is most frequently referred to as hyaluronan because it exists in vivo as a polyanion and not in the protonated acid form. HA is distributed widely in vertebrates and presents as a component of the cell coat of many strains of bacteria.(More)
An LC-MS/MS method was developed for the simultaneous determination of chlorogenic acid, forsythiaside A and baicalin, three major ingredients in Shuang-huang-lian preparations, in rat plasma. Following extraction by methanol-ethyl acetate-trifluoroacetic acid (49:49:2, v/v/v), the extracted analytes were separated on a reverse phase C12 column using a(More)
A highly sensitive liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometric (LC-MS/MS) method was developed for the determination of forsythiaside in rat plasma using epicatechin as internal standard. The analytes were extracted by solid-phase extraction and chromatographied on a C(18) column eluted with a gradient mobile phase of acetonitrile and water both(More)
Pancreatic cancer is a malignant disease with extremely high mortality. Our previous work found that Brucea javanica fruit possesses potent anti-pancreatic cancer activity. In the present study, brucein D (BD), a quassinoid found abundantly in B. javanica fruit, was evaluated for its anti-proliferative and apoptogenic actions. BD inhibited the growth of(More)
Nanoemulsions have been developed for the oral delivery of poorly bioavailable phenolic compounds that are sensitive to intestinal glucuronidation. However, little is known about the contribution of UDP-glucuronosyltransferase (UGT) inhibitory excipients in nanoemulsions toward the inhibition of intestinal glucuronidation and the consequent enhanced(More)
Haemophilus parasuis is the causative agent of Glässer's disease of pigs, a disease associated with fibrinous polyserositis, polyarthritis and meningitis. Systematic reference maps of outer membrane, intracellular and extracellular proteome fractions of the clinical isolate H. parasuis SH0165 were examined by 2-DE coupled with MALDI-TOF MS. A total of 539(More)
The morphogenesis of duck enteritis virus (DEV) and distribution in vivo were observed by electron microscopy after ducks were infected experimentally with DEV virulent strain. The investigation showed that a few typical herpesvirus virions and nucleocapsids were first observed in the spleen, thymus, and bursa of Fabricius (BF), and many nucleocapsids,(More)