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OBJECTIVE To research the effects of Panax notoginseng saponins (PNS) on angiotensin-converting enzymes 2 ( ACE2) and tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) in rats with post-myocardial infarction ventricular remodeling. METHODS Models of acute myocardial infarction (AMI) were produced by ligation of left anterior descending coronary artery, 24 hours(More)
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) have been increasingly reported to have important roles in diverse biological and pathological processes. We investigated miR-1 and miR-206 expression and their potential roles in a rat model of myocardial infarction (MI). miR-1 and miR-206 expression were significantly increased, and insulin-like growth factor 1 (IGF-1) protein was(More)
Hsp60 is an important component of defense mechanisms against diabetic myocardial injury; however, the cause of Hsp60 reduction in the diabetic myocardium remains unknown. After stimulation of cardiomyocytes with high glucose in vivo and in vitro, significant up-regulation of miR-1/miR-206 and post-transcriptional modulation of Hsp 60 were observed. Serum(More)
Carvedilol, a nonselective β-adrenoreceptor antagonist, protects against myocardial injury induced by acute myocardium infarction (AMI). The mechanisms underlying the anti-fibrotic effects of carvedilol are unknown. Recent studies have revealed the critical role of microRNAs (miRNAs) in a variety of cardiovascular diseases. This study investigated whether(More)
We investigated whether transplantation of bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BMSC) with induced BMSC (iBMSC) or uninduced BMSC (uBMSC) into the myocardium could improve the performance of post-infarcted rat hearts. BMSCs were specified by flowcytometry. IBMSCs were cocultured with rat cardiomyocyte before transplantation. Cells were injected into borders(More)
Cyclins/retinoblastoma protein (pRb) pathway participates in cardiomyocyte hypertrophy. MicroRNAs (miRNAs), the endogenous small non-coding RNAs, were recognized to play significant roles in cardiac hypertrophy. But, it remains unknown whether cyclin/Rb pathway is modulated by miRNAs during cardiac hypertrophy. This study investigates the potential role of(More)
BACKGROUND Diabetes has been regarded as an inflammatory condition which is associated with left ventricular diastolic dysfunction (LVDD). The purpose of this study was to examine the expression levels of macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF) and G protein-coupled receptor kinase 2 (GRK2) in patients with early diabetic cardiomyopathy, and to(More)
OBJECTIVE To study the effects of B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) preconditioning on the apoptosis and expressions of Bcl-2 and Bax in rat cardiomyocytes during myocardial ischemia-reperfusion. METHODS Twenty-one male Sprague-Dawley rats weighing (250 ± 50) g were randomly divided into 3 groups of sham operation (SHAM), ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) and(More)
BACKGROUND In the early stage of diabetes, the cardiac ejection fraction is preserved, despite the existence of the subclinical cardiac dysfunction to some extent. However, the detailed phenotype of this dysfunction and the underlying mechanism remain unclear. To improve our understanding of this issue, we used low-dose STZ and high-fat diet to induce type(More)
OBJECTIVE To study the relationship between angiotensin-converting enzyme 2 (ACE2) gene polymorphisms and the risk factor for essential hypertension (EH) with concurrent ischemic stroke in southern Chinese population. METHODS The G9570A polymorphism in ACE2 gene were detected in 139 patients with EH and stroke using polymerase chain reaction-restriction(More)