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In yeast, histone H2B monoubiquitination is a cotranscriptional event regulating histone H3 methylation at lysines 4 and 79. However, mammalian H2B monoubiquitination remains poorly understood. We report that in humans, the 600 kDa RNF20/40 complex is the E3 ligase and UbcH6 is the ubiquitin E2-conjugating enzyme for H2B-Lys120 monoubiquitination. RNF20 and(More)
The yeast PAF (yPAF) complex interacts with RNA polymerase II and coordinates the setting of histone marks associated with active transcription. We report the isolation and functional characterization of the human PAF (hPAF) complex. hPAF shares four subunits with yPAF (hCtr9, hPaf1, hLeo1, and hCdc73), but contains a novel higher eukaryotic-specific(More)
Cell-surface receptors frequently use scaffold proteins to recruit cytoplasmic targets, but the rationale for this is uncertain. Activated receptor tyrosine kinases, for example, engage scaffolds such as Shc1 that contain phosphotyrosine (pTyr)-binding (PTB) domains. Using quantitative mass spectrometry, here we show that mammalian Shc1 responds to(More)
Arabinogalactan proteins (AGPs) are involved in many aspects of plant development. In this study, biochemical and genetic approaches demonstrated that AGPs are abundant in developing fibers and may be involved in fiber initiation and elongation. To further investigate the role of AGPs during fiber development, a fasciclin-like arabinogalactan protein gene(More)
Recommender systems are important building blocks in many of today's e-commerce applications including targeted advertising, personalized marketing and information retrieval. In recent years, the importance of contextual information has motivated many researchers to focus on designing systems that produce personalized recommendations in accordance with the(More)
[1] Based on 1–2 years of continuous observations of seismic ambient noise data obtained at more than 600 stations in and around Tibet, Rayleigh wave phase velocity maps are constructed from 10 s to 60 s period. A 3-D Vsv model of the crust and uppermost mantle is derived from these maps. The 3-D model exhibits significant apparently interconnected low(More)
Currently, molecular biologic techniques achieve a great development in studies of soil samples. The objective of this research is to improve methods for microbial prospecting of oil and gas by applying culture-independent techniques to soil sampled from above a known oil and gas field. Firstly, the community structure of soil bacteria above the Ban 876 Gas(More)
Cotton (Gossypium hirsutum) often encounters abiotic stress such as drought and high salinity during its development, and its productivity is significantly limited by those adverse factors. To investigate the molecular adaptation mechanisms of this plant species to abiotic stress, we identified two genes encoding Di19-like Cys2/His2 zinc-finger proteins in(More)
To enhance the survival probability in cold stress, plant cells often increase their cold- and freezing-tolerance in response to low, nonfreezing temperatures by expressing some cold-related genes. In present study, a cotton gene encoding tonoplast intrinsic protein (TIP) was isolated from a cotton seedling cDNA library, and designated as GhTIP1;1. GFP(More)
Members of the RasGRP family of Ras activators have C1 domains that bind diacylglycerol (DAG) and DAG analogs such as the tumor-promoting phorbol esters. RasGRP members could be responsible for some of the DAG signaling processes that have previously been attributed to protein kinase C (PKC). We found that RasGRP3 is selectively expressed in B cells,(More)