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In this paper, we address the problem of real-time video streaming over a bandwidth and energy constrained wireless sensor network (WSN) from a small number of dispersed video-sensor nodes (VNs) to a sink by combining forward error correction (FEC) coding with a novel multipath rouing scheme called directional geographical routing (DGR). DGR constructs an(More)
In this paper a novel multi-hop virtual MIMO communication protocol is proposed by the cross layer design to jointly improve the energy efficiency, reliability and end-toend (ETE) QoS provisioning in wireless sensor network (WSN). In the protocol, the traditional LEACH protocol is extended by incorporating the cooperative MIMO communication, multihop(More)
In the environments where the source nodes are close to one another and generate a lot of sensory data traffic with redundancy, transmitting all sensory data by individual nodes not only wastes the scarce wireless bandwidth, but also consumes a lot of battery energy. Instead of each source node sending sensory data to its sink for aggregation (the so-called(More)
The hypoxia-inducible factor (HIF) activates the expression of genes that contain a hypoxia response element. The alpha-subunits of the HIF transcription factors are degraded by proteasomal pathways during normoxia but are stabilized under hypoxic conditions. The von Hippel-Lindau protein (pVHL) mediates the ubiquitination and rapid degradation of HIF-alpha(More)
Recently, mobile agents have been proposed for efficient data dissemination in sensor networks. In the traditional client/server-based computing architecture, data at multiple sources are transferred to a destination; whereas in the mobile-agent based computing paradigm, a taskspecific executable code traverses the relevant sources to gather data. Mobile(More)
A cluster-based cooperative multiple-input-multiple-output (MIMO) scheme is proposed to reduce the adverse impacts caused by radio irregularity and fading in multi-hop wireless sensor networks. This scheme extends the LEACH protocol to enable the multi-hop transmissions among clusters by incorporating a cooperative MIMO scheme into hop-by-hop transmissions.(More)
OBJECTIVES Optimization of initial highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) for complete viral suppression and better tolerability is paramount for the prognosis of HIV-infected patients. Observational studies provide a better means than clinical trials of studying the determinants of discontinuation in actual practice. METHODS A longitudinal cohort(More)
OBJECTIVE Prior research examining the effect of hepatitis C virus (HCV) on health-related quality of life (HRQoL) and healthcare costs is flawed because non-patient controls were not adequately comparable to HCV patients. The current study uses a propensity score matching methodology to address the following research question: is the presence of diagnosed(More)