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Protein synthesis in neurons is essential for the consolidation of memory and for the stabilization of activity-dependent forms of synaptic plasticity such as long-term potentiation (LTP). Activity-dependent translation of dendritically localized mRNAs has been proposed to be a critical source of new proteins necessary for synaptic change. mRNA for the(More)
Genome evolution studies for the phylum Nematoda have been limited by focusing on comparisons involving Caenorhabditis elegans. We report a draft genome sequence of Trichinella spiralis, a food-borne zoonotic parasite, which is the most common cause of human trichinellosis. This parasitic nematode is an extant member of a clade that diverged early in the(More)
Laminins and netrins are families of related secreted proteins known to play critical roles in guiding the growth of peripheral and central axons, respectively. Here we report the identification of two novel cell surface glycoproteins that we name laminets because they resemble both laminins and netrins. Laminet-1 and -2 are selectively expressed in(More)
Nematode.net (http://nematode.net) is a publicly available resource dedicated to the study of parasitic nematodes. In 2000, the Genome Center at Washington University (GC) joined a consortium including the Nematode Genomics group in Edinburgh, and the Pathogen Sequencing Unit of the Sanger Institute to generate expressed sequence tags (ESTs) as an(More)
Netrins are secreted proteins that serve as potent axon guidance molecules in vertebrates and invertebrates. We report the identification of a novel mammalian member of this family. Netrin-4 is similar in predicted size and secondary structure to the other three netrins; all contain, in order, an amino-terminal signal sequence, a laminin-type globular(More)
BACKGROUND Radiation dose escalation is limited by the high incidence of pulmonary and esophageal toxicity, leading to calls for the omission of elective nodal irradiation (ENI) and the willingness to use involved-field irradiation (IFI) in patients with nonsmall cell lung cancer (NSCLC). METHODS AND MATERIALS A total of 200 eligible patients with(More)
In computed tomography of liver tumors there is often heterogeneous density, weak boundaries, and the liver tumors are surrounded by other abdominal structures with similar densities. These pose limitations to accurate the hepatic tumor segmentation. We propose a level set model incorporating likelihood energy with the edge energy. The minimization of the(More)
The use of the functional PET information from PET-CT scans to improve liver segmentation from low-contrast CT data is yet to be fully explored. In this paper, we fully utilize PET information to tackle challenging liver segmentation issues including (1) the separation and removal of the surrounding muscles from liver region of interest (ROI), (2) better(More)
Ion channels from bovine neurohypophysial secretory granules (NSG) were incorporated into artificial lipid bilayers. Specific antibodies against identified synaptic vesicle proteins were tested on such incorporated channel activity and on peptide release from rat permeabilized neurohypophysial terminals. Both the NSG cation channel and Ca(2+)-dependent(More)
Mutual information (MI) is a well-accepted similarity measure for image registration in medical systems. However, MI-based registration faces the challenges of high computational complexity and a high likelihood of being trapped into local optima due to an absence of spatial information. In order to solve these problems, multi-scale frameworks can be used(More)